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date: 18 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

How should evidence for the generality of phenomena in psycholinguistics and related fields be evaluated? For decades, psycholinguists have recognized the importance of treating both stimuli and participants as sampled. This chapter on generalizing over encounters and their associated statistical and theoretical considerations argues that simultaneous by-subject and by-item analysis is a special (albeit common) case of a more general problem of generalizing to a population of events (“encounters”) that involve interactions between sampling units. This more general perspective accommodates a broader range of sampling designs than the standard subjects-encountering-stimuli type of experiment. The statistical implications of this perspective for psycholinguistics and related areas are discussed.

Keywords: statistical inference, generalization, mixed-effects modeling, variation, methodology

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