- The Oxford Handbooks of International Relations
- The Oxford Handbook of International Security
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- The Future of Security Studies
- Security and “Security Studies”: Conceptual Evolution and Historical Transformation
- Expertise and Practice: The Evolving Relationship between the Study and Practice of Security
- Feminist Security and Security Studies
- Critical Security Studies
- Liberal Approaches
- What Is a PARIS Approach to (In)securitization? Political Anthropological Research for International Sociology
- Statistics and International Security
- Methods in Constructivist Approaches
- Methods in Critical Security Studies
- Game Theory and the Future of International Security
- Biology, Evolution, and International Security
- Systemic Theory and the Future of Great Power War and Peace
- Trends in Conflict: What Do We Know and What Can We Know?
- Leaders, Leadership, and International Security
- The Politics of National Security
- Religion and International Security
- The Future of International Security Norms
- The Economics of War and Peace
- The Changing Geography of Global Security
- The Great Debate: The Nuclear-Political Question and World Order
- Public–Private Interactions and Practices of Security
- Nuclear Proliferation: The Risks of Prediction
- The Global South and International Security
- Arms Control
- Nationalism and International Security
- Energy Security: A Twentieth-Century Major Concern Becoming Irrelevant in the Twenty-First Century?
- Humanitarian Intervention
- Environmental Security
- The Crime Scene: What Lessons for International Security?
- Intelligence and International Politics
- Trajectories for Future Cybersecurity Research
- Counter Insurgency
- International Security and Development
- Drone Proliferation in the Twenty-first Century
- Images and International Security
- Maritime Security
- Global Health and Security: Reassessing the Links
- Great Powers
- The UN Security Council
- Regional Security Complexes and Organizations
- International Criminal Accountability and Transnational Advocacy Networks (TAns)
- Civil–Military Relations
Abstract and Keywords
What are the causes and consequences of the proliferation of armed unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones? The chapter outlines several potential reasons why actors might acquire the technology: operational incentives, technological availability, regime type, and emulation before discussing the consequences of this acquisition. The consequences of drone proliferation are context dependent: drone proliferation carries potentially significant consequences for counter-terrorism operations and domestic control in authoritarian regimes. Drones lower the costs of using force by eliminating the risk to pilots, making some states—especially democracies—more likely to carry out targeted attacks against suspected militants. This technology also provides autocratic leaders with a new tool to bolster their domestic regime security. The chapter’s analysis has implications for a range of policy issues: the regulation of drone exports, the management of hotspots such as East Asia and the Middle East, and defense against potential terrorist attacks on the homeland.
Sarah E. Kreps is Associate Professor in the Department of Government at Cornell University.
Matthew Fuhrmann is Professor of Political Science at Texas A&M University.
Michael C. Horowitz is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania.
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