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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines two interrelated questions: How do challenges in the development arena contribute to global insecurity today? What types of research, policies, and strategies can best contribute to alleviating, mitigating, and preventing these threats? The chapter argues that after a lengthy period during the Cold War when development and security were artificially separated, these twin agendas gradually started to come closer in the 1990s under a new era of liberal internationalism. However, the re-emergence of hard security threats after 9/11 have interrupted efforts toward greater alignment between development and security Many of the challenges that currently confront the international system have their roots in the development arena and require concerted efforts by development and security analysts and actors. The chapter analyzes the perfect storm of developmental factors that are building up to threaten international security and examines possible avenues for greater cooperation between the two fields for preventive action.

Keywords: development–security nexus, Sustainable Development Goals, UN Security Council, peacebuilding, violence prevention, hard security, poverty, climate change, demographic pressures, Global War on Terror

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