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date: 30 November 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Contemporary Western politics have led many to fear that the greatest threat to liberalism lies in a gradual weakening of norms integral to the liberal international order. In considering the future of international security norms, this chapter begins by examining the norms that have defined the post-Cold War era before turning to theoretical arguments about the sources of normative change and evolution. A key question for the future is whether the backlash against efforts to infuse security policies with human rights norms, the reluctance by states to enforce these norms, and the rise of new powers that do not embrace these norms will erode existing norms. This chapter will argue that the future depends upon the strategies deployed to unravel norms: the creation of new norms or adaption of existing norms in ways that create an alternative type of path dependence will be most consequential for existing norms.

Keywords: international security norms, international order, norm creation, norm evolution, multilateralism, democracy, human rights, civilian protection

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