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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Current dominant understandings in international security, especially those drawn from notions of classical economic rationality, do not accurately map onto identified human cognitive architecture and processes. As a result, they are limited in their ability to accurately predict human behavior, including violence. After discussing core findings from work in neurobiology, the chapter argues for a greater inclusion of biological factors into the study of international relations. In so doing, there is no intention to negate the influence of larger structural factors, but rather to advocate for the value of including individual variance to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of international relations. The chapter concludes with some speculations about some of the most important questions that might be profitably explored from this perspective going forward.

Keywords: International Relations, security, biology, evolution, conflict, war

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