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date: 20 August 2019

(p. xix) Abbreviations and Conventions

(p. xix) Abbreviations and Conventions

1

1st person

2

2nd person

3

3rd person

A

transitive subject

abil

abilitative

abl

ablative

abs

absolutive

absent

absential

acc

accusative

act

active

add

additive

adj

adjective

adjz

adjectivizer

adn

adnominal

adv

adverb, adverbial

advr

adverbial

affect

affected

ag

agentive

agnmlz

agentive nominalization

ah

addressee honorific

all

allative case

alter

alterphoric (non-ego)

an

animate

anim

animate

anph

anaphoric

ant

anterior past, anteriority

aobl

attributive oblique

aor

aorist

apass

antipassive

applic

applicative

appr

apprehensive

aprx

approximative

art

article

asp

aspect

ass

assertive

assert

assertion, assertative

assoc

associative

assum

assumed

at

localization ‘at, by’

aud

auditory, auditive

augment

augment

auth

authoritative

aux

auxiliary

av

Actor voice

avs

adversative

b

gender b

BC

Buryat Corpus (source)

ben

benefactive

best.sens

best sensory

bou

boulomaic modality

bpg

best possible ground

c

conjunct order

card

cardinal numeral

caus

causative

caut

caution

cc

copula complement

cert

certainty

circ

circumstantial modal

cl

classifier

cm

specific class marker

CML

Corpus of Mari language

cn

connegative

cnd

common noun determiner

cnj

conjunct

coh

coherence

coll

collective

comit

comitative

comp

complementiser

compl

completive

con

continuative

conc

concessive

cond

conditional

conj

conjunction

connective

conq

consequence

cons

consecutive

contact

localization with contact

cont

continuous

contr

contrast(ive)

convb

converb

cop

copula

cor

coreference

core

core argument, core case

coref

coreferential

cos

change of state

crst

certainty marker

cs

copula subject

curr

current (for timing of perception event)

cyc

cyclic

d

gender d

dat

dative

dec

declarative

def

definite

deic

deictic

dem

demonstrative

deo

deontic modality

dep

dependent

desid

desiderative

det

determiner

dif

diffuse

dim

diminutive

dir

directional

dir.evid

direct evidential

dir.indiv

direct evidential individual knowledge

dir.mutual

direct evidential mutual knowledge

dis

disjunct

dist

distal, distant

distr

distributive

dm

discourse marker

dn

downtoner

dr

nominal animate classifier

drc

direct

drt

(unmarked) direct evidential

ds

different subject

du, du

dual

dub

dubitative

dub.pt

dubitative particle

dur

durative

dx

deixis

dyn

dynamic modality

E

extension to core

EA

Eastern Algonquian

E.V.

echo vowel

ego

egophoric

ela

elative case

emph

emphasis

ep

evidential particle

epi

epistemic modality

equa

equational copula

erg

ergative

est

established past

evid

evidential

exc, excl

exclusive

exclm

exclamation

exist

existential

exp

experiential

exper

experienced

expect

expectative

fact

factual

fem, f, f

feminine

fin

finite

fns

final nominal suffix

foc

focus

fp

far past

FPe

far past eyewitness

FPn

far past non-eyewitness

fut

future

futimp

future imperative

gen

genitive

Gen.Know

General Knowledge evidential

geo.loc

fixed geographic location

ger

gerund

gv

goal voice

hab

habitual

hon

honorific

hpl

human plural

hsay

hearsay evidential

ht

honorific title

hum

human

initial change

icvb

imperfective converb

ideo

ideophone

ill

illative case

ill.m

illocutionary modification

immed

immediate

imp

imperative

imper

imperfect

impers

impersonal

imperv

imperfective

in

localization ‘in’

inan, inanim

inanimate

inc, inc

inclusive

incept

inceptive

inch

inchoative

incl, incl

inclusive

incom

incompletive

indcaus

indirect causative

indef

indefinite

indep

independent

indep.pr

independent (free) pronoun

indevid

indirect evidentiality

indic

indicative

indir

indirect

indobj

indirect object

indv

individual perspective (speaker only)

ine

inessive case

infin

infinitive

infer

inferred

ins

instantaneous

inst

instrumental

intens

intensifier

inter

interrogative

inter.loc

localization ‘inter’

inter.past

intermediate past

interj

interjection

intr

intransitive

inv

inverse

ip

instrumental prefix

ipnm

immediate past non-eyewitness

irr

irrealis

iter

iterative

i-v

gender agreement markers

joint.vis

joint vision

KNC

Kalmyk National Corpus (source)

lat

lative

lim

limitative

link

linker

loc

locative

log

logophoric pronoun

lv

locative voice

masc, m, m

masculine

mass

mass noun

med

medial

mid

middle marker

mir

mirative

MM

Middle Mongolian

mod

modal

n

neuter

n-

non-

n.1

non-first person

n.evid

non-evidential

n.s/a.top

topical non-subject

narr

narrative

nav

non-Actor voice

ncert

non-certainty

ncl

noun class

neg

negation

neut, n, n

neuter

neutral

neutrality

nexp

non-experiential

nf

non-feminine

nf

nonfinal

nfut

non-future

nom

nominative

nomz

nominalizer

non.a/s

non-Subject

np

near past

nparti

non-participatory evidence

npast

non-past

npl

neuter plural

npn

non-possessed noun

npot

non-potential

nrpast

non-recent past

nsg, nsg

non-singular

number

nvis

non-visual

nw

nonwitnessed

o

transitive object

obj

object, objective case

obl

oblique

observ.rec.pst

observed recent past

obv

obviative

omt

onomatopoeic

opt

optative

or

orientation

ord

ordinal

ord

ordinal number

os

object over subject in Person Prefix Hierarchy, ‘inverse voice’

OT

Old Tibetan

other

Other person or non-egophoric

p

P-evidential form

part

particle

parti

participatory evidence

partic

participle

partit

partitive case

pass

passive

past.dir

past tense direct evidential

past.indir

past tense indirect evidential

pat

patient

pcl

particle

pdub

preterit dubitative

pej

pejorative

per

perfect

pers

personal marking (finite verbs)

pers.n

personal name

persist

persistive

perv

perfective

pf

pause filler

pl, pl

plural

pln

place name

pn

proper noun

pnc

punctual

pnd

proper noun determiner

PQ

Pastaza Quichua

pol

politeness

poss

possessive

post

posterior

pot

potential

pp

past participle

pq

polar question

pr

pronominal animate classifier

pr

polite request

predict

predictive

prep

preposition

pres

present

pret

preterit

prev

previous (timing of perception event)

prevb

preverb

prob

probability, probabilitive

prog

progressive

prolat

prolative case

prop

proper name

propr

proprietive

prosp

prospective evidential

prox

proximal, proximate

pt

particle

purp

purposive

pv

patient voice

q

interrogative, question marker

qt

quotative particle

qual

qualitative

quant

quantifier

quot

quotative

r/r/m

reflexive/reciprocal/middle

real

realis

reas

reasoning

rec

recent

rec.p

recent past

recip

reciprocal

redup

reduplicated

ref

referential

refl

reflexive

rel

relative

rem

remote

rem.p

remote past

renarr

renarrative evidential

reported

res

resultative

rest

restrictive

retro

retrospective

rpast

recent past

rs

reported speech

rsp

reported speech particle

s

intransitive subject

s

S-evidential form

s/a.foc

focussed subject

sap

speech act participant

sbd

subordinative mode

sbjn

subject marker

sens

sensory evidential; non-visual sensory evidential

seq

sequential

sg, sg, s

singular

sgnf

singular non-feminine

sgve

singulative

SH

Secret History of the Mongols (source) (Chapter 26)

sh

subject honorific (Chapter 33)

simil

similative

simult

simultaneous

smlf

semelfactive

snv

inferred on the basis of any, except visual, perceptual input

soc

sociative voice

sou

source

Sp

Spanish loanword

sp

SP-evidential (Deferential Evidential)

spec

specifier

spr

superessive, location ‘on’

spr

localization ‘on’

ss

same subject

stab

stabilizer

stat

stative

su

subject

sub

subordinator

subj

subjunctive

subord

subordinate

sup

supine

supp

supposition

suppos

suppositional

surp

surprise

TAM

tense-aspect-mood

temp

temporal

ThV

verbal thematic vowel

top

topic

top.non.a/s

topical non-subject

tr

transitive

transl

translative case

unw

unwitnessed

UT

utterance time

uwpst

unwitnessed past

v

verb

vbz

verbalizer

vcc

verbless clause complement

vcs

verbless clause subject

ven

ventive

vers

versative

vis

visual

vn

verbal noun

voc

vocative

vs

verbal suffix

wh

question word

wit

witnessed

wpst

witnessed past

yestp

yesterday’s past

ynq

yes no question

Further conventions

=

clitic break

-

affix boundary

:

vowel lengthening

(p. xxiv)