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date: 19 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter deals with various Turkic evidential categories, which typically express the notion of indirectivity. The primary task of indirectivity is not to express an external origin of the addresser’s knowledge of an event, but to indicate that a narrated event is stated in an indirect way, by reference to its reception by a conscious subject. The reception may be realised through hearsay, inference, or perception. Some more elaborate Turkic systems distinguish between reported and non-reported indirectivity. The various evidential notions are realized morphologically by two types of markers. One type consists of post-terminal inflectional markers that sometimes tend to vacillate between evidential and non-evidential readings. The other type consists of copular particles that are more stable markers of evidentiality.

Keywords: Turkic, indirectivity, post-terminal, evidentiality, hearsay

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