- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Evidentiality
- List of Maps
- List of Tables
- List of Figures
- Abbreviations and Conventions
- The Contributors
- Evidentiality: The Framework
- Evidentials and Person
- Evidentiality and Its Relations With Other Verbal Categories
- Evidentials and Epistemic Modality
- Non-Propositional Evidentiality
- Where Do Evidentials Come From?
- Evidentiality and Language Contact
- Evidentials, Information Sources, and Cognition
- The Acquisition of Evidentiality
- The Interactional and Cultural Pragmatics of Evidentiality in Pastaza Quichua
- Evidence and Evidentiality in Quechua Narrative Discourse
- Stereotypes and Evidentiality
- Evidentiality: The Notion and the Term
- Extragrammatical Expression of Information Source
- Evidentiality and Formal Semantic Theories
- Evidentiality and the Cariban Languages
- Evidentiality in Nambikwara Languages
- Evidentiality in Tukanoan Languages
- Evidentiality in Boran and Witotoan Languages
- Evidentiality in the Uto-Aztecan Languages
- Evidentiality in Algonquian
- Evidentiality and Epistemic Modality in Gitksan
- Evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian Languages
- Turkic Indirectivity
- Evidentials in Uralic Languages
- Evidentiality in Mongolic
- Evidentiality in Tibetic
- Evidentiality in Bodic Languages
- Evidentiality and the Expression of Knowledge: An African Perspective
- Evidentiality in the Languages of New Guinea
- Evidentiality in Formosan Languages
- The Reportative in the Languagesc of the Philippines
- Evidentiality in Korean
- Evidentiality in Japanese
- <i>Dizque</i> and other Emergent Evidential forms in Romance Languages
- Evidentiality and Information Source in Signed Languages
- Author Index
- Language Index
- Subject Index
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter surveys three representative chunks of the Algonquian family: the Cree-Innu-Naskapi continuum, Ojibwe, and Eastern Algonquian. After noting the very productive role of lexical means of expressing perception (the closest Algonquian gets to sensory evidentials), it highlights how some of the Cree-Innu-Naskapi continuum languages show affixal morphology that contrasts (Direct versus) Indirect evidentiality, Inferentiality, and the distinctive ‘dream-witnessed’ Subjective—with the remainder of the family showing essentially subsets of this range of contrasts. At the phrasal-syntactic level, it examines how the use of uninflected particles and quotative verbs pay special attention to encoding the information source. It shows that evidentiality has traditionally been overlooked due to the treatment of relevant phenomena as essentially epistemic.
Marie-Odile Junker is a Professor of Linguistics at Carleton University, Canada. Her research interests include Indigenous language documentation, lexicography, and the relationship between language preservation and information technologies. She has been exploring participatory approaches to research. Her first website http://www.eastcree.org, which she started in 2000 in partnership with the Cree School Board of Quebec, has grown to encompass a large oral stories database, dictionaries, online language lessons, and games, and an interactive grammar of East Cree. Since 2005 she has participated in the creation of the Innu dictionary, one of the largest indigenous dictionaries to date, and directed its online and print (2016) publication. Current and on-going projects include the expansion of an online interactive linguistic atlas of Algonquian languages (atlas-ling.ca), the integration of twelve Algonquian dictionaries into a common digital infrastructure and a dictionary of the Atikamekw language. In 2017 she received a Governor General’s Innovation Award for her work.
J. Randolph Valentine is Professor of Linguistics and American Indian Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research focuses on strategies of rich documentation of endangered languages, with a primary interest in the Ojibwe language, spoken in many distinct dialects in the Great Lakes region of Canada and the United States. His dissertation research was a dialectological study of Ojibwe, involving the collection and analysis of lexical, morphological, and textual material from communities across Canada. He is also the author of an extensive grammar of the dialects of Ojibwe spoken along the shores of Lake Huron, and is presently working on dictionaries of two distinct dialects.
Conor McDonough Quinn is an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Southern Maine Department of Linguistics. A documentary and revitalization linguist whose theoretical research centres mainly around morphosyntax, he has worked primarily with the Eastern Algonquian speech communities indigenous to the current-day U.S.-Canadian Northeast. His dissertation examines gender, person, and referential- and clausal-dependency morphology in Penobscot verbal argument structure; subsequent and ongoing collaborative work has included creating an audiovisual archive of Passamaquoddy conversational speech, ↵devising learner-L1-informed approaches to ESOL/ELL teaching, and developing effective adult heritage-learner curricula for Maliseet, Mi’kmaw, and Abenaki revitalization efforts. He is now finishing a three-year NSF/NEH DEL-funded project to finalize and publish a legacy manuscript dictionary of Penobscot, while also continuing to focus on improving L2 pedagogical strategies for Eastern Algonquian and other indigenous North American languages.
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