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date: 31 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Internet was designed without consideration of how it would affect intellectual property (IP) rights. Yet, it has had transformative impacts on all forms of IP, for example, making it possible for many authors and publishers to reach new audiences, to expand into new markets, and to develop new business models. The Internet also unquestionably has had significant impacts on the development of IP laws, especially copyright. Courts and legislatures have had to grapple with many legally and technologically challenging questions and have had to adapt conventional doctrines or develop new doctrines to answer them. This chapter considers notable developments in US, European, and international laws and other initiatives, focusing primarily on copyright developments, but also briefly reviewing impacts on other forms of IP, namely, trademarks, trade secrets, and patents.

Keywords: Intellectual property, anti-circumvention, copyright, digital content, fair use, fundamental rights, intermediaries, Internet, technical protection measures

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