- The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law
- List of Contributors
- Intellectual Property Law: An Anatomical Overview
- The Basic Structure of Intellectual Property Law
- What Kind of Rights Are Intellectual Property Rights?
- Intellectual Property as a Public Interest Mechanism
- Intellectual Property and Human Rights: Mapping an Evolving and Contested Relationship
- Intellectual Property Incentives: Economics and Policy Implications
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Western Europe
- The Emergence and Development of the International Intellectual Property System
- The Emergence and Development of United States Intellectual Property Law
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Canada
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Australia and New Zealand
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Central and Eastern Europe
- Intellectual Property in Asia: ASEAN, East Asia, and India
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in the Middle East
- Three Centuries and Counting: The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in Africa
- The Emergence and Development of Intellectual Property Law in South America
- Patents and Related Rights: A Global Kaleidoscope
- Trade Marks and Allied Rights
- Design Protection
- Rights in Data and Information
- Overlapping Rights
- Intellectual Property Licensing
- Cross-Border Intellectual Property Enforcement
- Users, Patents, and Innovation Policy
- Traditional Knowledge, Indigenous Peoples, and Local Communities
- Intellectual Property, Development, and Access to Knowledge
- Workers in the “Groves of Academe”: The Claim of Academics to Copyright and Patents
- Intellectual Property Meets the Internet
- Intellectual Property and Competition Law
- Intellectual Property and Private Ordering
- Intellectual Property and Public Health
- Intellectual Property and Climate Change
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines debates on intellectual property (IP) and development in the wider context of issues relating to IP and the public interest. It also considers how calls for greater attention to development in the global IP system relate to campaigns for “access to knowledge” (A2K). After reviewing the longstanding debates on IP and public policy issues as well as the substance of debates on IP, development, and A2K, the article discusses the engagement of developing countries in the international IP system up until the end of the World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) negotiations. It proceeds with a review of post-TRIPS debates on the Agreement itself, before concluding with an analysis of the continuing challenges of addressing public interest and development concerns in the increasingly complex global IP system.
Carolyn Deere Birkbeck is a Senior Researcher at the University of Oxford.
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