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date: 31 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Eurocentric term “Middle East” captures the historical sources and emergence of intellectual property (IP) in this region. Early colonial influences had a long-lasting effect. In the mid-1990s the global replaced the colonial, imposing new demands. Both the colonial and globalized IP frameworks have allowed only a narrow leeway for the expression of local interests. This chapter explores the emergence and development of IP law in the Middle East as a case of a western legal transplant, and focuses on Egypt, Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Instead of a technocratic doctrinal approach that compares local law to international standards and asks about “compliance,” it advocates a richer evaluation. In assessing IP laws against global standards, it suggests contextualizing the local law within the country’s larger legal framework to take into consideration its political economy, local and global politics, and unique cultural needs.

Keywords: Middle East, colonialization, globalization, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Palestine

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