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date: 25 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

A growing number of workers everywhere are choosing to work outside the boundaries of regular, full-time employment. Such “nonstandard” work has advantages and disadvantages. It takes a variety of forms. In this chapter, we begin by examining why and when organizations choose to use nonstandard workers, and we describe the stages and objectives of the talent lifecycle. We then map the talent-lifecycle stages and objectives against categories of nonstandard work, to develop a distribution of research attention across that map. We found large areas of sparse research, as well as two significant clusters of research. One focuses on more traditional arrangements (contractors, temporary, and outsourced work), and the other on less traditional arrangements (freelance platforms and crowdsourcing). We revealed striking differences in the theoretical frameworks and disciplinary foundations within each cluster. We close by considering questions and opportunities for future research to deepen our understanding of this budding phenomenon.

Keywords: nonstandard workers, talent lifecycle, outsourcing, freelance platforms, crowdsourcing, temporary work, employee engagement, talent, talent management

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