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date: 21 January 2020

(p. xxxi) List of Contributors

(p. xxxi) List of Contributors

Philip E. Auerswald ( is an associate professor at the Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University. He leads the Global Entrepreneurship Research Network, an initiative of the Kauffman Foundation, and is the co-founder and co-editor of Innovations, a quarterly journal published by MIT Press about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. He is most recently the author of The Code Economy: A Forty-Thousand Year History, published by Oxford University Press in 2017. He has served as a consultant to foundations, corporations, and national governments, including the World Bank, Gates Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. From 2010 to 2013 he was an advisor to the Clinton Global Initiative, focusing on job creation and market-based solutions.

Harald Bathelt ( is the Canada Research Chair in ‘Innovation and Governance’ at the Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada. He also holds an appointment as Professor in the University of Toronto’s Department of Geography and Planning. His research and teaching interests are in the areas of industrial and economic geography, political economy, and methodology, specifically in the analysis of knowledge generation and innovation processes over distance, industrial clustering, and the socio-economic impacts of regional and industrial change. For the past six years, Professor Bathelt was a Visiting Professor at the East China Normal University in Shanghai, China, and was previously a Visiting Professor at the University of Heidelberg, Germany and HEC Montréal, Canada. Since 2012, he has been editor of the Journal of Economic Geography.

Michael Berry ( is Emeritus Professor at Urban Studies and Public Policy, Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. His research has focused on urban development processes, urban social theory, economics and public policy, and housing markets and policy. His focus has been on alternative financing approaches for affordable housing, and the impact of housing markets on the macro-economy for which he has been awarded numerous significant grants, most notably from the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, which he helped found. He has been on the editorial board of a number of journals, including Housing,Theory and Society and Urban Policy and Research. He has visited a number of universities in Europe, Asia, and North America, most recently as Helen Kam visiting fellow at Girton College, Cambridge.

Ron Boschma ( is Professor in Regional Economics at the Urban and Regional Research Centre Utrecht (URU) at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He is also Professor II in Innovation Studies at UiS Business School and Stavanger Centre for (p. xxxii) Innovation Research, University of Stavanger, Norway. In 2013, Professor Boschma received an Honorary Doctorate in the Natural Sciences (‘Doktor der Naturwissenschaften ehrenhalber’) from Marburg University (Fachbereich Geographie) in Germany. His research interests include evolutionary economic geography; spatial evolution of industries; geography of innovation; geography of knowledge networks; agglomeration externalities and regional growth; and regional diversification. He is editor of the Cambridge Journal of Region, Economy and Society, and associate editor of Industrial and Corporate Change, Papers in Regional Science, and Regional Studies.

Kam Wing Chan ( is Professor of Geography at the University of Washington. His main research focuses on China’s cities, migrant labour, and the household registration system. He is the author of Cities with Invisible Walls: Reinterpreting Urbanization in Post-1949 China (Oxford University Press, 1994). He is Associate Editor of Eurasian Geography and Economics. In the last two decades he has worked as a consultant for the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, United Nations, and McKinsey & Co. on several major policy projects on China. His recent commentaries and interviews have appeared in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Economist, South China Morning Post, BBC, CBC Radio, Caixin, Ming Pao, and China Daily.

Karen Chapple ( is a Professor of City and Regional Planning at the University of California, Berkeley. Chapple specializes in housing, community, and economic development, as well as regional planning. She has most recently published on job creation on industrial land (in Economic Development Quarterly), regional governance in rural Peru (in the Journal of Rural Studies), and accessory dwelling units as a smart-growth strategy (in the Journal of Urbanism). Her recent book (Routledge, 2014) is entitled Planning Sustainable Cities and Regions: Towards More Equitable Development. In 2015 she launched the Urban Displacement Project, a research portal examining patterns of residential, commercial, and industrial displacement, as well as policy and planning solutions.

Susan Christopherson She published a series of key articles and a prize-winning book examining how market governance regimes influence regional economic development and firm strategies. She was a recognized expert in the field of media studies with a record of research and publication on the media entertainment industries. Professor Christopherson published more than 100 articles and book chapters on topics illuminating the spatial dimensions of economy and society, and served on numerous editorial boards. Most recently, she was editor-in-chief of the Regional Studies Association/Taylor Francis Book Series on Cities and Regions.

Gordon L. Clark ( DSc (Oxon) FBA is the Director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment with cross-appointments at the Saïd Business School and the School of Geography and the Environment at Oxford University. He holds a Professorial Fellowship at St Edmund Hall, Oxford. He is also Sir Louis Matheson Distinguished Visiting Professor at Monash University’s Faculty of Business and Economics (Melbourne) and a Visiting Professor at Stanford University. Previous academic appointments have been at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, Harvard Law School (Senior Research Associate), the University of Chicago, Carnegie Mellon’s Heinz School, and (p. xxxiii) Monash University. Other honours include being Andrew Mellon Fellow at the US National Academy of Sciences and Visiting Scholar Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst at the University of Marburg.

Jennifer Clark ( is Director of Georgia Tech’s Center for Urban Innovation and an Associate Professor in the School of Public Policy. Dr Clark publishes work on the development and discussion of urban and regional policies and their effect on cities and their economic resilience. Her book, Remaking Regional Economies (with Susan Christopherson), won the Best Book Award from the Regional Studies Association in 2009. She published Working Regions in 2013 and the Handbook of Manufacturing Industries in the World Economy in 2015. She has worked on innovation policy projects with a broad range of organizations, including the OECD and the Canadian, UK, and US governments. She earned her PhD from Cornell University, an MPlan from the University of Minnesota, and a BA from Wesleyan University in Connecticut. She is the current chair of the Economic Geography Specialty Group (EGSG) of the Association of American Geographers and an editor of Regional Studies.

Neil M. Coe ( is Professor of Economic Geography at the National University of Singapore, where he is also co-director of the Global Production Networks Research Centre. His research interests are in the areas of global production networks and local economic development; the geographies of local and transnational labour markets; the geographies of innovation; and institutional and network approaches to economic development. He has published over seventy-five articles and book chapters on these topics, and is a co-author or co-editor of six books. He is currently an editor of the Journal of Economic Geography, and on the editorial board of European Urban and Regional Studies.

Stuart Corbridge ( is the Vice Chancellor and Warden of Durham University. Among his previous appointments were a Lectureship in South Asian Geography at Cambridge University, a Professorship of International Studies at the University of Miami, and a Chair in Geography at the London School of Economics. In 2013, he was appointed as the first Deputy Director and Provost of LSE. He has consulted with the UK’s Department for International Development on issues of public service delivery, joint forest management, and participation and empowerment in Jharkhand, India. His major publication (with Glyn Williams, Manoj Srivastava, and Rene Veron) remains Seeing the State: Governance and Governmentality in India. He was also a Managing Editor for the Journal of Development Studies (2005–10) and Economy and Society (2008–12).

Lokesh Dani ( is a doctoral candidate in public policy at the Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University. He is a research assistant for the Center for Regional Analysis where his interests focus on measuring entrepreneurial ecosystems, as well as evaluating the skill composition of regional labour forces. He has an MS degree from New York University with a concentration in International Business, Economics and Development, and a BA from Bucknell University in English. Prior to his studies in economics he worked in biomedical research at the Cardiovascular Research Foundation in New York City.

Mercedes Delgado ( is a Senior Lecturer at the MIT Sloan School of Management, and the Research Director and Research Scientist of the MIT Innovation (p. xxxiv) Initiative Lab for Innovation Science and Policy. She also serves as Senior Associate at the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard Business School. Delgado’s research focuses on the relationship between the regional business environment and the performance of firms, regions, and countries. She examines the role of regional clusters in job creation, innovation, entrepreneurship, and resilience. In recent work she explores the interaction between the spatial organization of firms, their location choices through the value chain, and firm performance. Delgado has published articles in top economic, policy, and strategy journals. She recently served as a lead researcher on the U.S. Cluster Mapping Project.

Danny Dorling ( is the Halford Mackinder Professor of Geography, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford. He was previously Professor for the Public Understanding of Social Science, University of Sheffield. Additionally he has been appointed Adjunct Professor, Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. He has served on leading boards and committees, including the Public Health England Mortality Surveillance Steering Group, the Economics and Health Special Interest Group, Faculty of Public Health, and Advisor UK Government Office for Science, Foresight Team. His work concerning issues of housing, health, employment, education, and poverty has resulted in more than a dozen books and several hundred journal papers.

Gilles Duranton ( is the Dean’s Chair in Real Estate Professor and the Chair of the Real Estate Department at Wharton, University of Pennsylvania. He has published several key articles on urban and transportation issues, and his recent work examines urban growth and the effects of transportation infrastructure on urban development and the evaluation of local policies. His theoretical research concerns the distribution of city sizes, the skill composition, and sectorial patterns of activities in the cities. He is also co-editor of the Journal of Urban Economics and the Handbook for Regional and Urban Economics, as well as an editorial board member of several other journals.

Gary A. Dymski ( is Professor of Applied Economics at the Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds. Professor Dymski has published numerous books, articles, chapters, and studies on banking, financial fragility, urban development, credit-market discrimination, the Latin American and Asian financial crises, exploitation, housing finance, the subprime lending crisis, financial regulation, the Eurozone crisis, and economic policy. Between 2003 and 2009, Gary served as founding executive director of the University of California Center Sacramento, the University of California’s academic public-policy programme in California’s state capitol. He is currently co-leader of the Leeds University interdisciplinary CITIES research initiative.

Benno Engels ( is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Global, Urban and Social Studies at RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. He teaches in the Urban Planning programme in the fields of urban economics, social planning, and urban planning history. He does research in Marxist political economy, Australian social public policy, and urban planning history.

Maryann P. Feldman ( is the S.K. Heninger Distinguished Professor of Public Policy and Finance at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and (p. xxxv) the Kenan Flagler Business School. In 2013, she was awarded with the prestigious Global Entrepreneurship Research Award from the Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum and Research Institute of Industrial Economics. She is a member of the Innovation Forum at the National Academies of Science. Her research interests focus on the areas of innovation, the commercialization of academic research, and the factors that promote technological change and economic growth.

Richard Florida ( is University Professor and Director of Cities at the Martin Prosperity Institute at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, and Distinguished Fellow at New York University Schack Institute of Real Estate. He is also the co-founder and editor-at-large of CityLab, and a senior editor at The Atlantic. His research focuses on the role of creativity, innovation, and talent in urban economic development and economic geography. His books include The Rise of the Creative Class, The Flight of the Creative Class, Who’s Your City?, The Great Reset, and The New Urban Crisis, and numerous journal articles on creativity, innovation, and urban and economic geography.

Chris Forman ( is the Peter and Stephanie Nolan Professor of Applied Economics and Management at the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management at Cornell University. His research interests include the geography of IT use, electronic commerce, diffusion of IT innovations, and IT strategy. He has published widely on issues related to innovation in enterprise IT, including the business process innovation that accompanies enterprise IT investment within firms, as well as the strategies of enterprise IT suppliers. He currently serves as a Department Editor at Management Science, and previously served as Senior Editor at Information Systems Research.

Koen Frenken ( is a Full Professor of Innovation Studies at Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University. His research interests include sharing economy, innovation studies, economic geography, and the evolution of science and technology. His theoretical interests are evolutionary economics, complexity theory, and network science. He has published numerous articles in the Journal of Economic Geography and Regional Studies, and is an author of several books on innovation, complexity theory, and evolutionary economic geography. He is also an associate editor at Industrial and Corporate Change and a member of the editorial boards of Research Policy, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, and Revue d’Economie Industrielle.

Meric S. Gertler ( is President of the University of Toronto, Professor of Geography and Planning and the Goldring Chair in Canadian Studies. He was the founding co- director of the Program on Globalization and Regional Innovation Systems (PROGRIS) at the Munk School of Global Affairs. His research focuses on the geography of innovative activity, the economies of city regions, and economic restructuring in North America and Europe. He is the author, co- author, and co- editor of more than ninety scholarly articles and chapters, and nine books, including Manufacturing Culture: The Institutional Geography of Industrial Practice. He has served as an advisor to local, regional, and national governments in Canada, the USA, and Europe, and international agencies such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. He is the founding associate editor of the Journal of Economic Geography.

(p. xxxvi) Amy K. Glasmeier ( is Professor of Economic Geography and Regional Planning and runs the laboratory on Regional Innovation and Spatial Analysis, the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, MIT. Her research focuses on the spatial interactions among economic actors and organizational structures in the provision of economic opportunity for communities and individuals. From 2012 to 2016 she was a faculty co-investigator on the Post Traumatic Stress Innovations project, where she studied access to mental health care and other support programmes for members of the Marines and Navy and their families. She is the author of many articles and books on topics including regional and industrial development, technology and innovation, poverty and inequality, and global economic challenges. With Dr Michael Goodchild and Dr Glen McDonald, the National Academy of Sciences recently published her co-authored report ‘Fostering Transformative Research in the Geographical Sciences’. She is a founding editor of the Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society.

Johannes Glückler ( is Professor of Economic and Social Geography and Fellow of the Marsilius Center of Advanced Studies at Heidelberg University. His research and teaching focuses on economic geography, organization studies, network theory, and the service industries. He is co-founder of the MSc programme ‘Governance of Risks and Resources’ at the Heidelberg Center for Latin America in Santiago de Chile, where he regularly teaches methods of social research. He has also been Visiting Professor at the University of Salamanca, Spain, since 2009. Apart from basic research and teaching, he has provided consulting services to federal ministries, chambers of commerce, industry associations, corporations, and civil society organizations on questions of regional development, innovation, and organizational networks.

Avi Goldfarb ( is Ellison Professor of Marketing at Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. He serves as Senior Editor at Marketing Science. His research focuses on understanding the opportunities and challenges of the digital economy. He has published a number of articles in areas of economics, marketing, statistics, computing, and law, and is co-editor of two books, including Economic Analysis of the Digital Economy.

Gernot Grabher ( is Professor of Urban and Regional Economics at the HafenCity University Hamburg. He is conducting research that explores how cities can learn from rare events; how new social practices in the sharing economy transform urban life; and how social network sites reshape socializing, creativity, and knowledge production. In his recent project, funded by the German Research Foundation, he examines how social network sites transform practices of interpersonal networking. He has published numerous articles in the leading academic journals and edited eight books, most recently the volume Self-Induced Shocks: Mega-Projects and Urban Development (2015). He is co-editor of the Regions and Cities series of the Regional Studies Association, and was co-editor of Economic Geography. Currently, he serves on the editorial boards of Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Economic Geography, European Planning Studies, Regional Studies, Progress in Human Geography, and Environment and Planning A.

Shane Greenstein ( is the MBA Class of 1957 Professor of Business Administration and co-chair of the HBS Digital Initiative at Harvard Business School. He is also co-director of the Program on the Economics of Digitization at the National Bureau (p. xxxvii) of Economic Research. His research spans issues of strategy, regulation, history, marketing, information systems, and organization design. He has published more than fifty journal articles on economics of enterprise IT, technological competition in computing, and the commercialization of the Internet infrastructure, and has written or edited nine books. His recent book, How the Internet Became Commercial: Innovation, Privatization, and the Birth of a New Network, traces the evolution of the Internet from government ownership to privatization to the commercial Internet, showing how interplay between government and private industry transformed the Internet. He has served as the President of the International Organization Society, and has been a member of the editorial board of Telecommunications Policy, Research Policy, and other prominent academic journals.

Dieter Helm ( is Professor of Economic Policy at the University of Oxford, a Fellow of New College, and a Professorial Research Fellow of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment. His main research interests are utilities, infrastructure, regulation, and the environment, with a focus on the energy, water, communications, and transport sectors, primarily in the UK and Europe. His most recent books include The Carbon Crunch: Revised and Updated, Natural Capital: Valuing the Planet, and Burn Out: The Endgame for Fossil Fuels. He is an associate editor of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy. During 2011, Helm assisted the European Commission in preparing the Energy Roadmap 2050, serving both as a special advisor to the European Commissioner for Energy and as Chairman of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on the Roadmap. He is Chair of the Natural Capital Committee.

Cameron Hepburn ( is Professor of Environmental Economics at the University of Oxford, based at the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment and the Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School, and is also Professorial Research Fellow at the Grantham Research Institute at the London School of Economics and a Fellow of New College, Oxford. He is an economist with expertise in energy, resources, economic growth theory, behavioural economics, and environmental economics. His work has been referred to in publications such as The Economist and The Financial Times, and he has been interviewed on television and radio in various countries. He has provided advice on energy, environmental, and climate change policy to the UK Government DECC Secretary of State Economics Advisory Group. He is also managing editor for Oxford Review of Economic Policy.

Alex Hughes ( is a Professor of Economic Geography in the School of Geography, Politics and Sociology at Newcastle University. Since 2014 she has been the Research Director for the School. She was Chair of the Economic Geography Research Group of the Royal Geographical Society (2012–15). Currently, she is a member of the Editorial Board of the RGS-IBG Book Series published by Wiley-Blackwell. She is also a member of the ESRC Peer Review College. Her wide-ranging research interests in economic geography include cultural political economy; postcolonial economies; global value chains and production networks; knowledge and economy; rethinking economy; transnational retailers and corporate responsibility; retailer–supplier relationships in the UK and USA; ethical trade and labour in Kenya, South Africa, and Pakistan; regulation and governance; corporate social responsibility and sustainability; the audit economy; learning networks; ethical public procurement; and ethical consumption in the Global South.

(p. xxxviii) Simona Iammarino ( is Professor of Economic Geography and Head (2014–17) of the Department of Geography and Environment at the London School of Economics and Political Science. She is also an affiliate of the Spatial Economics Research Centre. Previous tenured positions include: Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex; University of Rome, ‘La Sapienza’; and Italian National Institute of Statistics. Her main research interests lie in the following areas: multinational corporations; location and innovation strategies; local economic development; geography of innovation and technological change; regional systems of innovation; and regional and local economic development and policy. She has published extensively in top-refereed journals in the field, and has extensive experience in both externally funded international research projects and consultancy for various government agencies and international organizations such as the European Commission, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.

Oliver Ibert ( is Professor of Economic Geography at the Department of Geographical Sciences at the Freie Universität Berlin, and head of the research department ‘Dynamics of Economic Spaces’ at the Leibniz Institute for Research on Society and Space. His research interests include economic geography of knowledge practices, temporary organizations in economic settings and planning administrations, customer-driven innovation processes, economic geography of virtual online communities, planning theory, and governance. He has published widely on these topics in journals such as Economic Geography, Journal of Economic Geography, Environment and Planning A, Research Policy, Geoforum or Regional Studies.

Natasha Iskander ( is an Associate Professor of Public Policy at Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York University. She conducts research on labour migration and economic development, on labour mobilization and its relationship to workforce development, and on processes of institutional innovation and organizational learning. Her most recent book, Creative State: Forty Years of Migration and Development Policy in Morocco and Mexico (Cornell University Press, 2010), examines how the governments of Mexico and Morocco elaborated policies to build a link between labour emigration and local economic development. She is currently conducting research on processes of skill development among migrants in Qatar’s construction industry. She also worked as consultant on migration and skills transfer policy for the governments of Mexico and Morocco, and for international organizations such as the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank.

Chacko G. Kannothra ( is a doctoral candidate at the Organizations and Social Change Program at the College of Management, University of Massachusetts Boston. His research interests include social entrepreneurship and hybrid business models, global outsourcing, and inclusive employment and development. His dissertation focuses on entrepreneurial foundations, growth strategies, and managerial challenges of hybrid organizations in global outsourcing, so-called impact-sourcing service providers. Before entering academia, he worked with Accenture as a Business Analyst for their Global Compensation and Benefits Administration programme, as well as a Consultant for the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.

(p. xxxix) William R. Kerr ( is Professor of Entrepreneurial Management at Harvard Business School. His research focuses on how companies and economies explore new opportunities and generate growth. He has published articles, book chapters, and case studies on the subjects of entrepreneurship, innovation and growth, agglomeration forces and cluster structures, and global online labour markets. His recent project, Entrepreneurship Reading: Launching Global Ventures, offers insights into how young global ventures design their business models and some of the resource constraints and opportunity costs that they face. He is the editor of the Journal of Economic Geography and a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Urban Economics.

Janelle Knox-Hayes ( is the Lister Brothers Associate Professor of Economic Geography and Planning in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, MIT. Her research focuses on the ways in which social and environmental systems are governed under changing temporal and spatial scales as a consequence of globalization. Her latest project examines how social values shape sustainable development in the Arctic. She is an author, co-author, and co-editor of fifteen journal articles, and two books, including Saving for Retirement and The Culture of Markets: The Political Economy of Climate Governance. She is also book-review editor of the Journal of Economic Geography, and editor for the Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, as well as the Journal of Urban Planning.

Karen P.Y. Lai ( is an Assistant Professor of Geography at the National University of Singapore. Her research interests include geographies of money and finance, markets, varieties of capitalism, service sectors, global city networks, and international financial centres. Her recent project examines everyday financialization through the knowledge networks of financial advisors and consumers. She is currently researching the global financial networks of investment banks in mergers and acquisitions, and initial public offerings. She has authored or co-authored a book, several journal articles, and book chapters on financialization, knowledge networks, and economic development in East and South East Asia. She is also on the Standing Committee of the Global Production Networks Centre at the National University of Singapore, and editorial board member of Geography Compass.

Marcus M. Larsen ( is Associate Professor at the Department of Strategic Management and Globalization, Copenhagen Business School, and Adjunct Associate Professor at BI Norwegian Business School. He received a PhD degree from Copenhagen Business School on the topic of Offshoring and Globalization. His dissertation won the Peter J. Buckley and Mark Casson Dissertation Award and the Barry M. Richman Best Dissertation Award in 2014. His research focuses on the organizational design of offshoring and outsourcing and emerging economy multinationals. He has published widely on hidden costs of offshoring, strategies, and innovation in the wind-turbine industry. He is also a co-editor of two books on strategic design and innovation in offshoring, and on strategies in emerging markets.

Robin Leichenko ( is Professor and Department Chair at the Department of Geography at Rutgers University. She is also the co-director of the Rutgers Climate Institute. Her research interests span the fields of economic geography and human dimensions of global environmental change. She studies how and why processes of global economic and environmental change differentially affect cities, regions, and sectors, and the implications of these processes for questions of vulnerability, equity, and sustainability. (p. xl) She has published more than forty-five journal articles, and is the co-author of two books, namely Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures and Housing and Economic Development in Indian Country: Challenge and Opportunity. She is past chair of the Economy Geography Speciality Group at the Association of American Geographers. Between 2012 and 2013, she also served as a committee member at the Panel to Review the US National Climate Assessment at the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council.

Mark Lorenzen ( is Professor of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics at the Department of Innovation and Organizational Economics at the Copenhagen Business School and director of the Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics. His research is in the field of industrial dynamics, with a special focus on the relationships between innovation and the economic organization of the market in networks, projects, and clusters, currently within the creative industries. He has published in journals such as Journal of Economic Geography, Organization Studies, and Economic Geography, and he is editor-in-chief emeritus of Industry and Innovation, series editor of the Routledge Studies in Industrial Dynamics, and co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of Creative Industries.

Nichola Lowe ( is an Associate Professor at the Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Her research focuses on the institutional arrangements that lead to more inclusive forms of economic development and, specifically, the role that practitioners can play in aligning growth and equity goals. She is undertaking research on local economic development and skills transference among immigrant construction workers and job strategies for displaced workers and less educated individuals in the North American context. She has worked as a consultant for the International Labour Organization, Inter-American Development Bank, Bank of the Northeast Brazil, and Ontario Ministry of Economic Development and Trade.

Stephan Manning ( is Associate Professor of Management and co-founder of the Organizations and Social Change Research Group at the College of Management, University of Massachusetts Boston. His research mainly covers three areas: sustainability standards, global services sourcing, and project-based organizing. He has done field research in various countries, including China, Germany, Guatemala, Kenya, Romania, South Africa, and the USA. His research has been published in numerous academic journals, such as Strategic Management Journal, Journal of International Business Studies, Journal of Management Studies, Organization Studies, and Research Policy. He serves as Senior Editor of Management and Organization Review. He is also founding co-editor and author of the Organizations and Social Change Blog, and has written for The Conversation, The Broker, and other blog platforms.

Ron Martin ( is Professor of Economic Geography, University of Cambridge, UK, and holds a Professorial Fellowship at St Catharine’s College. He is also a Research Associate of the Centre for Business Research, Judge Business School, and leads the Centre for Geographical Economic Research, at Cambridge. He has been awarded the British Academy’s ‘Thank-Offering to Britain’ Senior Research Fellowship, 1997–8; a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship, 2007–10; and a Leverhulme Emeritus Fellowship for 2015–17. He is an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences (2001), a Fellow of the British Academy (2005), and President of the Regional Studies Association. In 2016 he was (p. xli) awarded the Royal Geographical Society’s Victoria Medal for outstanding contributions to the study of regional economic development. His research interests span: work, financial systems, regional economic development, evolutionary economic geography, and public policy. He currently leads a major Economic and Social Research Council project on city economic evolutions.

Philip McCann ( holds the Endowed Chair in Economic Geography at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. He studied at and gained his PhD (1993) from the University of Cambridge; prior to moving to Groningen he worked at the University of Pennsylvania in the USA (1993–5), the University of Reading (UK) (1995–2005), and the University of Waikato in New Zealand (2005–9). He has also been a Visiting Professor in the USA, Japan, Thailand, Spain, and Italy. Professor McCann’s research covers a wide range of economic geography topics and his research has received awards in various countries. He has also acted as an advisor and consultant to the European Commission, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the European Investment Bank, and government departments and research institutions in several different countries.

Caitlin A. McElroy ( is a Departmental Research Lecturer at the School of Geography and the Environment and the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, University of Oxford. The focus of her research has revolved around the institutional dynamics of private-sector investment in development. This has included researching the interactions between the mining industry, environment, and development. This has led to a range of projects and partnerships that address critical issues, such as improving the sustainability and development of resource-driven economies and the creation of tools to assist corporations in the management of their environmental and social risks and opportunities. Further, it has led to her current work to build a research programme titled ‘Sharing Resource Prosperity’, which continues to research environmental and social sustainability related to the extractive sector. Also, she is involved in researching environmental impact investing in the USA and UK. She has published several papers on the governance of extractive industries’ investments for development, and is co-editing a book titled Food, Energy, and Water Sustainability: Emergent Governance Strategies.

Anita M. McGahan ( is a Professor of Strategic Management at the Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto. She has also served as the Associate Dean of Research at the Rotman School. Her research is focused on industry change, sustainable competitive advantage, and the establishment of new fields. An area of particular interest to her is global health and the diffusion of knowledge across international boundaries. She has authored and co-authored more than fifty-five articles in refereed journals and three books, including How Industries Evolve: Principles for Achieving and Sustaining Superior Performance. She is a member of the editorial boards of several journals, such as Academy of Management Discoveries, European Management Review, and Strategic Organization.

Sarah McGill ( is a Research Associate at the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford. Her current research uses behavioural and institutional approaches to examine cross-country differences in social security provision and the (p. xlii) barriers that prevent households from adequate long-term financial planning. She obtained her DPhil at the University of Oxford in 2015. Her previous research focused on commodity markets, mineral resource governance, and the relationship between the financial sector and the ‘real economy’; she has also published several papers and reports on sustainable investing. She is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Sustainable Finance and Investment.

Charlotta Mellander ( is Professor of Economics at the Jönköping International Business School. She is also affiliated with the Martin Prosperity Institute at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. She studies location patterns of creative individuals and firms to determine how they shape regional development and has published numerous journal articles on this topic. She has delivered more than 200 invited, external speeches, both nationally and internationally, including the European Union and the United Nations, and companies like IBM.

Ashby Monk ( is the Executive and Research Director of the Stanford Global Projects Center. He is also a Senior Research Associate at the University of Oxford and a Senior Advisor to the Chief Investment Officer of the University of California. His current research focus is on the design and governance of institutional investors, with particular specialization on pension and sovereign wealth funds. He has published several articles and op-eds on institutional co-investing, pension funds, and ethical investment. His research and writing has been featured in The Economist, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, Institutional Investor, Reuters, Forbes, and on National Public Radio, among a variety of other media.

Phillip O’Neill ( is Professor of Economic Geography and Director, Centre for Western Sydney, at Western Sydney University. Before joining the University of Western Sydney as Foundation Director of the Urban Research Centre in 2006, he was Director of the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies at the University of Newcastle, NSW. He was recognized as a Fellow of the Institute of Australian Geographers in 2008. From 2008 to 2013 Phillip was editor-in-chief of Geographical Research and he currently sits on the editorial boards of Environment and Planning A and the Journal of Economic Geography. His research interests include urban infrastructure, suburban labour markets, and state theory and practice. Phillip is widely published in economic geography, as well as in the mainstream media where he is a prominent columnist and commentator.

Jamie Peck ( is Canada Research Chair in Urban and Regional Political Economy, Distinguished University Scholar, and Professor of Geography at the University of British Columbia. With long-term research interests in urban restructuring, geographical political economy, labour studies, the politics of policy formation and mobility, and economic geography, his recent books include Offshore: Exploring the Worlds of Global Outsourcing, Fast Policy: Experimental Statecraft at the Thresholds of Neoliberalism (with Nik Theodore), Constructions of Neoliberal Reason, and The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Economic Geography (with Trevor Barnes and Eric Sheppard). A Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and previously the holder of Guggenheim and Harkness fellowships, Peck is the Editor-in-Chief of the Environment and Planning series of journals.

(p. xliii) Alexander Pfeiffer ( is studying for a DPhil in Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford with a focus on stranded carbon assets and their effects on financial markets. He is also a research assistant for the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) at the Oxford Martin School. His main research interests are stranded carbon assets and the carbon bubble, energy policy, effects of climate policies on financial markets, carbon taxes, and committed emissions.

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose ( is Professor of Economic Geography at the London School of Economics, where he was previously Head of the Department of Geography and Environment. His research interests include regional growth and inequality, fiscal and political decentralization, regional innovation, and development policies and strategies. In his areas of expertise, he has regularly acted as a consultant to several Directorates of the European Commission, the European Investment Bank, the World Bank, the Cities Alliance, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the International Labour Organization, and the Food and Agriculture Organization. He has also published more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed journals, is an editor of Economic Geography, and sits on the editorial board of twenty-nine other scholarly journals. He is also the author of several books such as Local and Regional Development (with Andy Pike and John Tomaney), Innovation and Regional Growth in the European Union (with Riccardo Crescenzi), and Technology and Industrial Parks in Emerging Countries (with Daniel Hardy).

Rajiv Sharma ( is a Research Director at Stanford University’s Global Projects Center and an honorary research associate at the Oxford University Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment. He received his Doctorate from Oxford University in the field of Pensions, Sovereign Wealth Funds and Infrastructure Investment. Prior to his position at Stanford, Rajiv worked as an economist for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris. Promoting long-term investment by institutional investors is a focus of his current work at Stanford and through this, he has worked with a number of global institutional investors and governments. His latest book is entitled Reframing Finance, which looks at how more institutional investor capital can be channelled into long-term projects like infrastructure, real estate, private equity and agriculture through collaboration and co-investment. He has also worked for venture capital private equity firm Oxford Capital Partners and London-based Infrastructure/Private Equity Advisory firm, Campbell Lutyens.

Eric Sheppard ( is Alexander von Humboldt Chair and Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests lie in geographical political economy, uneven geographies of globalization, neo-liberalism, urbanization in the Global South, urban sustainability and environmental justice, and critical geographical information systems. He has published more than 100 journal articles and twelve books. He serves on the editorial boards of Economic Geography, The Journal of Economic Geography, and Human Geography. Between 2013 and 2014 he was President of the Association for American Geographers.

Janice Gross Stein ( is the Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management in the Department of Political Science and the founding Director of the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (p. xliv) and a member of the Order of Canada and the Order of Ontario. Her main research interests include intelligence, international security, negotiation processes, and behavioural explanations of decision-making. She has published more than 100 articles and several books, including Digital Diplomacy and a forthcoming article on loss aversion and the end stage of negotiation.

Michael Storper ( is Professor of Economic Geography at the Department of Geography and the Environment, London School of Economics. He is also affiliated with the Centre de Sociologie des Organisations at Sciences-Po in Paris, and the Department of Urban Planning in the School of Public Affairs at the University of California Los Angeles. His research interests include globalization and regional economic development processes, and the effects of new communication technologies on face-to-face contact and delocalization. His latest books are The Rise and Fall of Urban Economies (2015) and Keys to the City: How Economics, Institutions, Social Interaction, and Politics Shape Development (2013). He is a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy, and has received the Regional Studies Association’s Sir Peter Hall Prize for overall contribution to the field.

Kendra Strauss ( is an Associate Professor of Labour Studies in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University. A geographer by training, her work focuses on occupational pensions; precarious work, migration and unfree labour; and on theorizing the relationships between production and social reproduction in contemporary capitalist economies. She is also interested in how categories of social difference like gender, race, and class shape the wage relation and unpaid work. Her recent research has looked at non-standard work in the UK, employment agencies, and unfree labour, and the evolution of legal approaches to forced labour and trafficking. Her latest book, co-edited with Dr Katie Meehan, is entitled Precarious Worlds: Contested Geographies of Social Reproduction (UGA Press, 2015).

Alexander Teytelboym ( is the Otto Poon Research Fellow at the Institute for New Economic Thinking at the University of Oxford. Following completion of his DPhil in Economics from the University of Oxford, he worked for one year as a post-doc at the Lab for Information and Decisions Systems at MIT. His research interests focus on networks, matching markets, market design, and the environmental economics. He has published several policy papers on climate change, transport, refugee resettlement, and transition economies.

Maria Tsampra ( is an Assistant Professor at the School of Business Administration, University of Patras, Greece. Her expertise broadly lies in economic geography, regional, local, and urban development, and, more specifically, in issues of regional diversity and spatial inequalities, regional entrepreneurship and competitiveness, local labour markets, economic restructuring, and integration in south-eastern European countries. She has authored and co-authored several book chapters and journal articles on regional employment and production patterns, spatial division of labour, small- and medium-sized enterprise innovativeness, and so on.

Callum Wilkie ( is a researcher at the Local Economic Development Programme at London School of Economics. His areas of research and expertise include regional growth and development; equitable and inclusive economic growth; regional innovation and innovation policy; and territorial development policies and strategies. (p. xlv)

Dariusz Wójcik ( is a Professor of Economic Geography in the School of Geography and the Environment at Oxford University, a Fellow of St Peter’s College, and a Visiting Professor at Beijing Normal University. His research focuses on finance, corporate governance, and economic globalization. His current project, funded by the European Research Council, investigates how financial and business services have been affected by the global financial crisis, and how they change in response to new financial regulation, the rise of the Global South, and the digital revolution. The project also focuses on the impacts of finance on regional development. Dariusz is a member of the editorial board of Economic Geography, the Journal of Economic Geography, Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space and GeoJournal and leads the Global Network on Financial Geography (FinGeo).

Neil Wrigley ( is Professor of Human Geography, University of Southampton, and was previously Head, School of City and Regional Planning, University of Wales, Cardiff. Founding Editor of the Journal of Economic Geography (2001–14), he has held ESRC, Leverhulme, and Erskine Research Fellowships, and was Senior Research Fellow, St Peter’s College, Oxford. His contributions to economic geography research have a distinctive focus on retail and consumption and are reflected in his 160 journal papers and agenda-setting books. They have provided pioneering interpretations of the role retailers play as key organisers of the global economy, of the regulatory challenges posed by emerging competitive landscapes of retail power, and insight into the disruptive consequences of online retail and the digital economy. Recognition of his work includes the Royal Geographical Society’s Murchison Award (2008), ESRC’s Outstanding Impact in Business Prize (2014), election as Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences (2003), and the distinguished Fellowship of the British Academy (2012).

Henry Wai-chung Yeung ( is Professor of Economic Geography at the National University of Singapore. Previously, he has held visiting professor positions at the University of Sydney, University of Manchester, University of Hong Kong, and University of Washington at Seattle. His research interests broadly cover theories and the geography of transnational corporations, global production networks and global value chains, East Asian firms, and developmental states in the global economy. Author of five monographs, his latest books are Strategic Coupling: East Asian Industrial Transformation in the New Global Economy (Cornell Studies in Political Economy Series, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, May 2016) and Global Production Networks: Theorizing Economic Development in an Interconnected World (with Neil Coe, Oxford University Press, April 2015). He has also published over 90 journal papers and 45 book chapters, and edited and co-edited 7 books on Asian business, globalization, and emerging economies. Since 2001, he has served as an editor at Environment and Planning A, Economic Geography, and Review of International Political Economy (2004–13).

Matthew Zook ( is Professor of Economic Geography and the director of The DOLLY Project (Data on Local Life and You) at the University of Kentucky. His research interests are at the intersection of economic, digital, and urban geographies. In recent years, he has studied the micro-geographies of high-frequency trading, the production of geosocial media, and how code, space, and place interact to create the augmented realities of daily-lived geographies. He is also interested in the multiple ways in which flows of (p. xlvi) material goods in the global economy are shaped by immaterial flows of information, and the ways in which the intertwining of material and virtual flows is providing news ways to study economic geography. He has written dozens of journal articles and book chapters on digital geographies, economic geography, and globalization. He is a member of the editorial board at Big Data & Society: Critical Interdisciplinary Inquiries and the AAG’s new journal, GeoHumanities.