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date: 16 June 2021

(p. xv) List of contributors

(p. xv) List of contributors

Bas Aarts

is Professor of English Linguistics and Director of the Survey of English Usage at University College London. His publications include: Syntactic Gradience (2007, OUP), Oxford Modern English Grammar (2011, OUP), The Verb Phrase in English (2013, edited with J. Close, G. Leech, and S. Wallis, CUP), Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (edited with S. Chalker and E. Weiner, 2nd edition 2014, OUP), How to Teach Grammar (with Ian Cushing and Richard Hudson, 2019, OUP), as well as book chapters and articles in journals. He is a founding editor of the journal English Language and Linguistics (CUP).

Ash Asudeh

is a Professor in the Department of Linguistics and the Director of the Center for Language Sciences at the University of Rochester. He has held positions at Carleton University, in the Institute of Cognitive Science, and at Oxford University, where he was Professor of Semantics in the Faculty of Linguistics, Philology, and Phonetics and a Senior Research Fellow at Jesus College. His research interests include syntax, semantics, pragmatics, language and logic, and cognitive science. He has published extensively on the syntax–semantics interface, particularly in the frameworks of Lexical Functional Grammar and Glue Semantics.

Laurie Bauer

FRSNZ is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He is the author of more than twenty books on linguistic topics, particularly on morphology and word-formation. He was one of the inaugural editors of the journal Word Structure. The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology, which he co-wrote with Rochelle Lieber and Ingo Plag, received the Linguistic Society of America’s Leonard Bloomfield Prize in 2015. In 2017 he was awarded the Royal Society of New Zealand’s Humanities medal.

Robert D. Borsley

is Professor Emeritus at the University of Essex, where he worked from 2000 to 2017, and Honorary Professor at Bangor University, where he worked from 1986 to 2000. He has published extensively on the syntax of English and Welsh, and on other languages, including Breton, Polish, and Arabic. He has worked mainly within the Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar framework and has made a variety of contributions to its development. He was a Journal of Linguistics Editor from 1994 to 2016.

Jill Bowie

is an Honorary Research Fellow at the Survey of English Usage, University College London, where she previously worked on the AHRC-funded projects ‘The changing verb phrase in present-day British English’ and ‘Teaching English grammar (p. xvi) in schools’, led by Bas Aarts. She holds a PhD from the University of Reading and a BA and MA from the University of Queensland. Her research interests include recent change in English and the grammar of spoken discourse. She has co-authored papers with Survey colleagues on clause fragments and on changes in the English verb phrase.

Ian Cushing

is a lecturer in the Department of Education at Brunel University London. He has a broad range of teaching and research interests, including applied cognitive linguistics (especially in educational contexts), critical language policy, and pedagogical grammar. He is the author of Text Analysis and Representation (2018, CUP), Language Change (2019, CUP), and a co-author of How to Teach Grammar (2019, OUP, with B. Aarts and R. Hudson), as well as various journal articles and book chapters.

Ilse Depraetere

is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Lille. She is a member of the research group Savoirs, Textes, Langage (UMR 8163 STL). She has published widely on tense, aspect, and modality, the semantics/pragmatics interface being in the foreground of her publications. She is the co-author with Chad Langford of Advanced English Grammar: A Linguistic Approach (2019 (2nd edn), Bloomsbury) and she co-edited with Raphael Salkie Semantics and Pragmatics: Drawing a Line (2017, Springer).

Heidrun Dorgeloh

is Senior Lecturer in English Linguistics at the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf with a specialization in syntax, discourse analysis, and professional varieties of English. She wrote her dissertation on English word order, notably subject–verb inversion as it is used in different genres, followed by a series of research on the function and meaning of grammatical constructions in professional contexts. Her research interests include the interrelationship of non-canonical syntax and discourse, the evolution of genres, and registers and genres of various professions, such as science, medicine, and law.

Patrick Duffley

is Professor of English Linguistics at Université Laval in Quebec City. He has published monographs on the infinitive, the gerund-participle, and complementation in English, as well as a number of articles on modal auxiliaries, wh-words, negative polarity, and indefinite determiners. His work utilizes concepts inspired by cognitive grammar and Guillaumian psychomechanical theory in order to develop a semantico-pragmatic approach to grammar and syntax. He recently published a monograph with John Benjamins applying this approach to the phenomenon of subject versus non-subject control with non-finite verbal complements in English.

Thomas Egan

is Emeritus Professor of English Linguistics at Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences. His research interests encompass topics within the areas of corpus linguistics, contrastive linguistics, cognitive linguistics, and historical linguistics, including grammaticalization. He is the author of a monograph on complementation, entitled Non-Finite Complementation: A Usage-Based Study of Infinitive and -ing Clauses in English (2008, Rodopi). More recently he has (co-)authored some dozen articles (p. xvii) contrasting various prepositional constructions in English and French and/or Swedish and Norwegian.

Liliane Haegeman

is Professor of English Linguistics at Ghent University in Belgium and is a member of the DiaLing—Diachronic and Diatopic Linguistics research group. From 1984 to 1999, she was Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Geneva (Switzerland), and between 2000 and 2009 she was Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Lille III. Haegeman has worked extensively on the syntax of English and Flemish and has also written a number of textbooks for generative syntax. Her latest monograph is Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and the Composition of the Left Periphery with Oxford University Press.

Sam Hellmuth

is Senior Lecturer in Linguistics in the Department of Language and Linguistic Science at the University of York. Sam earned her MA and PhD at SOAS University of London, and specializes in the study of prosody (stress, rhythm, and intonation), and the modelling of variation in prosody within and between speakers, dialects, languages, and contexts, in a laboratory phonology approach (using quantitative and qualitative methods, on both naturally occurring and experimental data).

Thomas Herbst

is Professor of English Linguistics at the Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU). He studied English and German at the Universities of Erlangen-Nürnberg and Oxford (St. Edmund Hall). He has taught at the universities of Reading, Augsburg, and Jena. The focus of his interests and of his publications lies in the fields of valency theory, collocation studies, cognitive and constructionist theories of language, pedagogical construction grammar, and linguistic aspects of film dubbing. He is one of the editors of the Valency Dictionary of English (2004) and co-editor of Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik and Lexicographica.

Martin Hilpert

is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Neuchâtel. He holds a PhD from Rice University. His interests include cognitive linguistics, language change, construction grammar, and corpus linguistics. He is the author of Germanic Future Constructions (2008, John Benjamins), Constructional Change in English (2013, Cambridge University Press), and Construction Grammar and its Application to English (2014, Edinburgh University Press). He is Editor of the journal Functions of Language and Associate Editor of Cognitive Linguistics.

Willem B. Hollmann

is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Lancaster. His research focuses on cognitive-typological linguistic theory and methodology, language change, and dialect grammar. These areas frequently overlap and interact in his work, especially in his publications in the nascent area of cognitive sociolinguistics. He is currently Chair of the national Committee for Linguistics in Education (CLiE), which reflects and is part of his keen interest and engagement in language teaching in primary and secondary education.

(p. xviii) Rodney Huddleston

earned his BA at the University of Cambridge and his PhD in Applied Linguistics at the University of Edinburgh. He is a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy. He taught at Edinburgh, London, and Reading before moving in 1969 to spend the majority of his career in the Department of English at the University of Queensland. He has published numerous books and papers on English grammar, the most significant work being The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002, with Geoffrey K. Pullum), which won the Linguistic Society of America’s Leonard Bloomfield Book Award in 2004.

Marianne Hundt

is Professor of English Linguistics at Zürich University. Her corpus-based research focuses on variation and grammatical change in contemporary and late Modern English. Her publications cover both first- and second-language varieties of English, notably in the South Pacific and South Asia. She has been involved in the compilation of various corpora and has explored the use of the World Wide Web as a corpus. Her publications include English Mediopassive Constructions (2007, Rodopi) and New Zealand English Grammar: Fact or Fiction? (1998, John Benjamins). She is co-author of Change in Contemporary English: A Grammatical Study (2009, CUP) and co-editor of English World-Wide.

Lesley Jeffries

is Professor of Linguistics and English Language at the University of Huddersfield, UK, where she has worked for most of her career. She is the co-author of Stylistics (2010, CUP) and Keywords in the Press (2017, Bloomsbury) and author of a number of books and articles on aspects of textual meaning including Opposition in Discourse (2010, Bloomsbury), Critical Stylistics (2010, Palgrave) and Textual Construction of the Female Body (2007, Palgrave). She is particularly interested in the interface between grammar and (textual) meaning and is currently working on a new book investigating the meaning of contemporary poetry.

Gunther Kaltenböck,

who previously held a professorship at the University of Vienna, is currently Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Graz. His research interests lie in the areas of cognitive-functional grammar, corpus linguistics, pragmatics, phonetics, variation and change, as well as Thetical Grammar. Apart from numerous book chapters and contributions to international journals, his publications include a monograph on It-Extraposition and Non-Extraposition in English (2004, Braumüller) and several co-edited volumes, such as New Approaches to Hedging (2011, Emerald), Outside the Clause (2016, John Benjamins), and Insubordination: Theoretical and Empirical Issues (2019, de Gruyter).

Evelien Keizer

is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Vienna. She obtained her PhD in English Linguistics from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 1992; since then she has held positions at the University of Tilburg, University College London, and the University of Amsterdam. She has published widely on the noun phrase in English (e.g. The English Noun Phrase: The Nature of Linguistic Categorization, 2007, CUP) and Dutch (Syntax of Dutch: The Noun Phrase, Vol. 1, 2012, (p. xix) Amsterdam University Press). She is also the author of A Functional Discourse Grammar for English (2015, OUP) and co-editor of several edited volumes and special issues.

Ekkehard König

was educated at the Universities of Kiel, Edinburgh, and Stuttgart. After holding professorial positions in Germany and other European countries, he retired in 2009 from the Freie Universität Berlin and is now Adjunct Professor at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg. In addition to directing a variety of research projects in Germany, he was Programme Director of the ESF-funded project ‘Typology of Languages in Europe’. His current duties include the editorial responsibility of the international journal Studies in Language (together with Lindsay Whaley).

Bernd Kortmann

is Full Professor of English Language and Linguistics at the University of Freiburg, Germany, and since October 2013 Executive Director of FRIAS, the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies. He has widely and extensively published in English linguistics, notably on the grammar of standard and non-standard varieties of English, and is co-editor of the international journal English Language and Linguistics as well as of the book series Topics in English Linguistics and Dialects of English.

Terje Lohndal

is Professor of English Linguistics at NTNU The Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim and holds an Adjunct Professorship at UiT The Arctic University of Norway. Together with Marit Westergaard, he directs the AcqVA (Acquisition, Variation, Attrition) research group. Lohndal works on syntax and its interfaces from a comparative perspective, drawing on data from both monolingual and multilingual individuals. He has published articles in journals such as Linguistic Inquiry, Journal of Linguistics, Journal of Semantics, and several books, among others, Phrase Structure and Argument Structure with Oxford University Press and Formal Grammar with Routledge.

J. Lachlan Mackenzie

is Emeritus Professor of Functional Linguistics at VU Amsterdam, having previously been Full Professor of English Language there. With a PhD from the University of Edinburgh (1978), his career was in the Netherlands, working closely with Simon Dik, Kees Hengeveld, and many others on the development of Functional Grammar and Functional Discourse Grammar. He is an Editor of the journal Functions of Language and his research interests range from functional linguistics to pragmatics, discourse analysis, and the expression of emotion. Key publications include Functional Discourse Grammar (2008, OUP) and Pragmatics: Cognition, Context and Culture (2016, McGraw Hill). See

Gergana Popova

works at Goldsmiths, University of London. She obtained her MA from the University of Sofia and her PhD from the University of Essex. Her interests are in theoretical linguistics and linguistic theory, morphology, and the interface between morphology and syntax and morphology and lexical semantics. She is currently working on periphrasis (with Andrew Spencer). A further interest is how (p. xx) corpora and corpus-analytic techniques can be used in the study of linguistic phenomena, including the study of language use and discourse.

Geoffrey K. Pullum

is Professor of General Linguistics in the School of Philosophy, Psychology, and Language Sciences at the University of Edinburgh. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, the Linguistic Society of America, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He previously taught at University College London; the University of Washington; Stanford University; the University of California, Santa Cruz; and Brown University. In addition to more than 250 scholarly publications on linguistics, he has written hundreds of popular articles and blog posts. He co-authored The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002) with Rodney Huddleston.

Doris Schönefeld

is a Professor of Linguistics at the Institute of British Studies at the University of Leipzig (Germany). She works in the field of usage-based (cognitive) linguistics with a special focus on Construction Grammar. In addition to research into particular constructions of English (such as copular go constructions), she is interested in more general linguistic issues, such as the relationship between lexicon and syntax (Where Lexicon and Syntax Meet, 2001, Mouton de Gruyter) and methodologies in empirical linguistic research (co-authored articles (2005, 2010), and an edited book on Converging Evidence: Methodological and Theoretical Issues for Linguistic Research, 2011, John Benjamins).

Carson T. Schütze

is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he has taught since 1997. His research spans topics in syntax, morphology, first language acquisition, language processing, and linguistic methodology, often focusing on Germanic languages. His monograph The Empirical Base of Linguistics (1996, reprinted 2016) is often cited as a catalyst for the recent eruption of empirical and philosophical work on acceptability judgements.

Peter Siemund

has been Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Hamburg since 2001. He pursues a crosslinguistic typological approach in his work on reflexivity and self-intensifiers, pronominal gender, interrogative constructions, speech acts and clause types, argument structure, tense and aspect, varieties of English, language contact, and multilingual development. His publications include, as author, Pronominal Gender in English: A Study of English Varieties from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective (2008, Routledge), Varieties of English: A Typological Approach (2013, CUP), and Speech Acts and Clause Types: English in a Cross-Linguistic Context (2018, OUP), and, as Editor, Linguistic Universals and Language Variation (2011, Mouton de Gruyter) and Foreign Language Education in Multilingual Classrooms (with Andreas Bonnet; 2018, John Benjamins).

Andrew Spencer

retired from the Department of Language and Linguistics, University of Essex, in 2016, where he had taught for twenty-five years. He is the author of Morphological Theory (1991), Phonology (1996), Clitics (2012, with A. Luís), Lexical Relatedness (2013), and Mixed Categories (in press, with I. Nikolaeva). His interests are (p. xxi) in theoretical morphology and in morphology and its interfaces with syntax and the lexicon. He is currently working on periphrasis (with G. Popova) and on a cross-linguistic study of deverbal participles.

Jon Sprouse

is an associate professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Connecticut. His research focuses on experimental syntax—the use of formal experimental measures to explore questions in theoretical syntax—with a particular focus on acceptability judgements. He is the Editor of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Experimental Syntax, and Co-Editor of Experimental Syntax and Island Effects (with Norbert Hornstein, 2013, Cambridge University Press).

John R. Taylor

is the author of Linguistic Categorization (3rd edn, 2003, OUP); Possessives in English: An Exploration in Cognitive Grammar (1996, OUP); Cognitive Grammar (2002, OUP); and The Mental Corpus: How Language is Represented in the Mind (2012, OUP). He edited The Oxford Handbook of the Word (2015) and co-edited Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World (1995, Mouton de Gruyter). He is a member of the editorial board of Cognitive Linguistics Research series (Mouton de Gruyter) and is an Associate Editor of the journal Cognitive Linguistics.

Margaret Thomas

is Professor in the Program of Linguistics at Boston College. Most of her current research is in the history of linguistics, especially in the United States, with additional interests in second language acquisition and in Japanese psycholinguistics. She is the author of Fifty Key Thinkers on Language and Linguistics (2011, Routledge), and Formalism and Functionalism in Linguistics: The Engineer and the Collector (2019, Routledge). She serves on the editorial boards of several journals, and as the reviews editor for Second Language Research and for Language and History.

Anastasios Tsangalidis

is Professor of Syntax and Semantics at the School of English, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. His main research interests are in the area of syntactic and semantic description and the relevance of grammar to language teaching, focusing on the description of the verb in English and Modern Greek—and especially the interaction of tense, aspect, mood, and modality. Most recently he has co-edited (with Agnès Celle) a special issue of the Review of Cognitive Linguistics on The Linguistic Expression of Mirativity.

Sean Wallis

is Principal Research Fellow and Deputy Director of the Survey of English Usage at University College London. His publications include Exploring Natural Language (2002, with G. Nelson and Bas Aarts, John Benjamins), The English Verb Phrase (2013, edited with J. Close, G. Leech, and Bas Aarts, CUP), as well as book chapters and articles in journals across a range of topics from artificial intelligence and computing to statistics and corpus research methodology. He runs a blog on statistics in corpus linguistics, corp.ling.stats (

Anja Wanner

is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she teaches syntax and grammar in use and directs the ‘Grammar (p. xxii) Badgers’ outreach project. Trained as a generative linguist, she became interested in syntactic variation and genre after studying the representation of implicit agents and changing attitudes towards the use of the passive voice in scientific writing. Additionally, she has published on the relationship between verb meaning and syntactic behaviour, the role of prescriptive grammar in language change, and the grammar of persons diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease.

Debra Ziegeler

attained her PhD from Monash University, Melbourne, in 1997: Aspects of the Grammaticalisation of Hypothetical Modality, published in 2000 as Hypothetical Modality: Grammaticalisation in an L2 Dialect (John Benjamins, SILC series). A second study, Interfaces with English Aspect (2006, John Benjamins, SILC series), looked at the relationship between modality and aspect in English. In other publications, she has focused on the semantics of modality associated with proximative meaning (in Journal of Pragmatics 2000, 2010, Journal of Historical Pragmatics 2016) as well as the diachronic grammaticalization of the semi-modals, e.g. be supposed to, be able to, and have to (e.g. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 2001, 2010).