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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This paper discusses three aspects of the study of linguistic meaning—lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics—and their relation to grammar. Lexical semantics concerns the meanings of words and relations between these meanings, and how these meanings are realized morphosyntactically. Compositional semantics concerns how the meanings of larger grammatical units—phrases, sentences, discourses—are computed from the meanings of their parts, given their grammatical arrangement. Pragmatics concerns the relation between context and meaning, given the knowledge of interlocutors. Each of these aspects of meaning is related to grammatical aspects of linguistic structure (morphology, syntax, prosody), although pragmatics displays weaker strictly grammatical effects than the other two aspects of meaning, for which the relationship with grammar is intrinsic.

Keywords: grammar, meaning, lexical semantics, compositional semantics, pragmatics, syntax, morphology

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