- The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Paradox
- Foreword: Paradox in Organizational Theory
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: The Paradoxes of Paradox
- Ad Fontes: Philosophical Foundations of Paradox Research
- Psychoanalytic Theory, Emotion, and Organizational Paradox
- A Road Map of the Paradoxical Mind: Expanding Cognitive Theories on Organizational Paradox
- What Paradox?: Developing a Process Syntax for Organizational Research
- Organizational Dialectics
- Circumventing the Logic and Limits of Representation: <i>Otherness</i> in East–West Approaches to Paradox
- Critical Management Studies and Paradox
- Beyond Managerial Dilemmas: The Study of Institutional Paradoxes in Organization Theory
- Paradoxes of Organizational Identity
- Alternate Prisms for Pluralism and Paradox in Organizations
- Paradox in Positive Organizational Scholarship
- Managing Normative Tensions within and across Organizations: What Can the Economies of Worth and Paradox Frameworks Learn from Each Other?
- The Role of Irony and Metaphor in Working through Paradox during Organizational Change
- Reflections on the Paradoxes of Modernity: A Conversation with James March
- Paradox at an Inter-Firm Level: A Coopetition Lens
- Pathways to Ambidexterity: A Process Perspective on the Exploration–Exploitation Paradox
- Gender and Organizational Paradox
- Navigating the Paradoxes of Sustainability
- The Paradoxes of Time in Organizations
- On Organizational Circularity: Vicious and Virtuous Cycles in Organizing
- Tensions in Managing Human Resources: Introducing a Paradox Framework and Research Agenda
- Looking at Creativity through a Paradox Lens: Deeper Understanding and New Insights
- “I Am … I Said”: Paradoxical Tensions of Individual Identity
- The Paradoxical Mystery of the Missing Differences between Academics and Practitioners
- Paradox in Everyday Practice: Applying Practice-Theoretical Principles to Paradox
- Methods of Paradox
- Expanding the Paradox–Pedagogy Links: Paradox as a Threshold Concept in Management Education
- Paradox and Polarities: Finding Common Ground and Moving Forward Together: A Case Study of Polarity Thinking and Action in Charleston, South Carolina
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter focuses on coopetition (i.e., simultaneous pursuit of cooperation and competition between firms) as a manifestation of paradox at an inter-firm level, and develops a nuanced understanding of the resulting paradoxical tension by bringing its micro-foundations into focus. The authors suggest that unlike the paradox that manifests at the inter-firm level (or organizational level), tension is experienced by individual actors, and comprises ambivalent cognitions, emotions, and their interplay. The authors further suggest that paradoxical tension is most productive when maintained at a moderate level, and for that firms need to develop a multilevel operating capability. The suggested theory provides novel and useful insights to advance the research on paradoxes at inter-firm and organizational levels.
Maria Bengtsson is a professor of entrepreneurship at the Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University in Sweden. Her research interests include dynamics in inter-organizational relationships, coopetition, and innovation. She has published research in, for example, Industrial Marketing Management, Scandinavian Journal of Management, Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, Competitiveness Review, Regional Studies, and International Small Business Journal. She has also published the book Climates of Global Competition (Routledge, 1998) and A Grammar of Organizing, (Edward Elgar, 2007) together with three colleagues.
Tatbeeq Raza-Ullah is a final-year PhD candidate in Umeå School of Business and Economics at Umeå University Sweden. His research enquires into special types of inter-firm relationships that involve competition–cooperation paradox, also known as coopetition, and further investigates the nature and role of tension, emotions, and managing capabilities in such relationships. He has published in Industrial Marketing Management and Academy of Management Proceedings.
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