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date: 18 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the ongoing crisis in Syria as a critical case study for a nuanced understanding of the principle and doctrine of responsibility to protect (R2P). The chapter provides an outline of the background and timeline of the conflict, establishes the relevance and applicability of R2P in the case of the Syrian conflict, and finally, enumerates several pivotal explanations that underscore the lack of success in adopting R2P in Syria. Through this analysis, the authors highlight the complexity surrounding the application of R2P principles, especially in a case involving sensitive geopolitics and the presence of multiple actors with uniquely vested interests in the conflict.

Keywords: Syria, Assad regime, Middle East, ISIS, Syrian opposition, Libyan intervention, international law, chemical weapons

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