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date: 18 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

On 28 February 2008, Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga signed the Kenyan National Dialogue and Reconciliation Act and the Principles of Partnership establishing a coalition government. These agreements marked the end of one of the darkest moments in Kenyan history: eight weeks of bloodshed following the contested presidential elections of 27 December 2007. This case has generated a significant degree of interest, particularly from the perspective of R2P. The overwhelmingly positive appraisal of this case has, however, generated a number of common misconceptions surrounding the post-election crisis in Kenya. These relate to nearly all aspects of the crisis: from the question of what facilitated the response and how the mediation unfolded to the degree it can be deemed a success story. Consequently, some of the key lessons from this case—which may be relevant for halting atrocities in other contexts—have gone largely unnoticed.

Keywords: Kenya, responsibility to protect, post-election crisis, African Union, Kofi Annan, mediation, International Criminal Court

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