Abstract and Keywords
The chapter demonstrates that the UN Security Council (UNSC) is increasingly applying sanctions with the aim of pursuing the individuals who have committed serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law. The chapter argues that, while the use of UN sanctions to respond to a mass atrocity crisis does send an important signal of global condemnation, sanctions are likely to be most influential as one element in a long-term conflict resolution strategy. Because sanctions require time to take effect, their potential impact is strongest as part of an upstream, preventive attempt to avert a budding crisis, or as part of a post-crisis effort to hold perpetrators accountable. The ability of UN sanctions to make a meaningful contribution to the promotion of the responsibility to protect will depend upon the extent to which broader sanctions reform efforts achieve their goal of making sanctions more effective and more legitimate.
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