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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the ‘responsibility while protecting’ (RwP) concept, a proposed addendum authored to ensure clearer criteria and greater accountability of UN-authorized military interventions. Launched by the Brazilian government in the aftermath of the intervention in Libya, in late 2011, it temporarily turned Brazil into a key actor in the global discussions about R2P. The chapter argues that RwP made an important political and analytical contribution to the normative development of R2P. It helped bridge a growing polarization in the aftermath of the Libya intervention, moving the debate from whether to prevent mass atrocity crimes to how to go about it. In addition, RwP called for the establishment of a code of ethics for the practical operationalization of R2P, particularly in its coercive dimensions.

Keywords: responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, Brazil, human rights, mass atrocity crimes, genocide, military intervention, Libya, just war theory

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