- The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Notes on Contributors
- R2P in Theory and Practice
- Humanitarian Intervention in the Nineteenth Century
- The Genocide Convention and Cold War Humanitarian Intervention
- The Turbulent 1990s: R2P Precedents and Prospects
- Sovereignty as Responsibility: Building Block for R2P
- Rwanda, Kosovo, and the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty
- The Genesis of R2P: Kofi Annan’s Intervention Dilemma
- R2P’s Status as a Norm
- Moral Agents of Protection and Supplementary Responsibilities to Protect
- R2P and International Law: A Paradigm Shift?
- How Well Does R2P Travel Beyond the West?
- The Responsibility Not to Veto: A Responsibility Too Far?
- UN Security Council
- UN General Assembly
- Getting There, Being There: The Dual Roles of the Special Adviser
- UN Human Rights Council and High Commissioner for Human Rights
- The Role of Regional Organizations: A Responsibility Gap?
- The African Union
- Asia Pacific and South Asia
- Europe and the European Union
- Latin America
- The Arab Region
- United States
- Addressing the Gender Gap in R2P
- The Blurry Boundary between Peacebuilding and R2P
- The R2P, Protection of Civilians, and UN Peacekeeping Operations
- Saving Individuals from the Scourge of War: Complementarity and Tension between R2P and Humanitarian Action
- The Use of Force
- Conflict Prevention and R2P
- Responding to Forced Displacement as a Mass Atrocity Crime
- Responsibility while Protecting
- The International Criminal Court
- The Use of UN Sanctions to Address Mass Atrocities
- The Politics of Global Humanitarianism: R2P before and after Libya
- Côte d’Ivoire
- The Democratic Republic of Congo
- North Korea
- South Sudan
- Sri Lanka
- R2P: The Next Ten Years
- The State, Development, and Humanitarianism: China’s Shaping of the Trajectory of R2P
- Embedding R2P in a New Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities
- Resetting the Narrative on Peace and Security: R2P in the Next Ten Years
- R2P’s Next Ten Years: Deepening and Extending the Consensus
Abstract and Keywords
The failure of regional organizations and states to fully embrace the responsibility to protect (R2P) agenda has led to the creation of a ‘responsibility gap’ that is being filled by local actors and non-governmental organizations. This chapter examines the influence that this lack of engagement at the regional and national level has had on our ability to prevent the outbreak of conflict, mass atrocities, and crimes against humanity. In doing so, it provides an updated evaluation of the role of regional organizations in implementing R2P principles. It concludes by noting that evidence of a strengthened R2P agenda is difficult to find.
David Carment, Carleton University, Canada
Sean Winchester, Carleton University, Canada
Joe Landry, Carleton University, Canada
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