Abstract and Keywords
This chapter outlines some the Irish evidence for later medieval settlement and society and the seismic shift in settlement which came about as a result of invasion and then conquest of the island by the Anglo-Normans, beginning in ad 1169. There was always a particular defensive aspect to this settlement, both in a rural and in an urban context, but the economy of the Anglo-Norman generally flourished until crisis in the second half of the fourteenth century. This discussion covers castles, tower houses, moated sites, rural settlement, towns, and churches before describing trade and contact with Britain. Pottery imports are highlighted, concluding that Ireland is to be seen as anything but peripheral to the broader context of medieval Europe.
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