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date: 04 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Medieval castles are increasingly studied not as an isolated phenomenon but within the wider context of medieval landscapes, environments, and social structures. Developments and trends in archaeological excavation, survey and analysis and in the integration of documentary information continue to transform castle studies, building upon a formidable dataset of well-studied examples. Archaeological attention has moved from elite and defensive components of castles to their baileys and surroundings, and these sites have a central role to play in debates about ‘designed medieval landscapes’ that articulated lordship. This overview recommends research priorities, including sensory experiences of castles, the place of the castle in the medieval mind set, and within its wider European context, which will develop alongside new primary research on an enlarged range of sites.

Keywords: castle, tower-house, landscape, lordship, elite, aristocracy, designed landscape, defence

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