Abstract and Keywords
From many excavations in medieval towns in Britain since the 1970s, the forms and development of town houses and properties can be reconstructed. Timber buildings were the great majority, and they grew higher over time, particularly in the central streets. The urban property was usually built around its commercial front, the shop, with domestic accommodation behind and increasingly above. The form of buildings was influenced by urban building regulations, where they existed, to prevent fire and control waste. Histories of buildings can be constructed by dendrochronology. Houses in towns may have been part of an urban culture which was different from that in the countryside; more wealth, more ostentation, different values which encouraged the birth of a consumer society.
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