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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the origins of the universality of the spectral statistics of quantum chaotic systems in the context of periodic orbit theory. It also considers interesting analogies between periodic orbit theory and the sigma model, along with related work on quantum graphs. The article first reviews some facts and definitions for classically chaotic systems in order to elucidate their quantum behaviour, focusing on systems with two degrees of freedom: one characterized by ergodicity and another by hyperbolicity. It then describes two semiclassical approximation techniques — Gutzwiller’s periodic orbit theory and a refined approach incorporating the unitarity of the quantum evolution — and highlights their importance in understanding universal spectral statistics, and how they are related to the sigma model. This is followed by an analysis of parallel developments for quantum graphs, which are relevant to quantum chaos.

Keywords: pectral statistics, quantum chaotic system, periodic orbit theory, sigma model, quantum graph, ergodicity, hyperbolicity, semiclassical approximation, quantum evolution, quantum chaos

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