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date: 19 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article reviews some of the important results in the study of the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors of Wigner random matrices, that is. random Hermitian (or real symmetric) matrices with iid entries. It first provides an overview of the Wigner matrices, introduced in the 1950s by Wigner as a very simple model of random matrices to approximate generic self-adjoint operators. It then considers the global properties of the spectrum of Wigner matrices, focusing on convergence to the semicircle law, fluctuations around the semicircle law, deviations and concentration properties, and the delocalization of the eigenvectors. It also describes local properties in the bulk and at the edge before concluding with a brief analysis of the known universality results showing how much the behaviour of the spectrum is insensitive to the distribution of the entries.

Keywords: eigenvalue, eigenvector, Wigner matrices, semicircle law, delocalization

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