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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article considers two cases of two-matrix models that are amenable to biorthogonal polynomials: Itzykson-Zuber interaction and Cauchy interaction. The features and applications of the biorthogonal polynomials relevant to either case are discussed, but first the article provides an overview of chain-matrix models. It then describes the Itzykson-Zuber Hermitian two-matrix model and the Christoffel–Darboux identities, along with the spectral curve. It also examines the so-called mixed correlation functions that are involved in the combinatorial applications of the two-matrix model before concluding with an analysis of the Cauchy two-matrix model, which in a ‘complication scale’ turns out to lie in between the one-matrix model and the Itzykson-Zuber two-matrix model.

Keywords: two-matrix model, biorthogonal polynomial, Itzykson-Zuber interaction, Cauchy interaction, chain-matrix model, Christoffel–Darboux identities, spectral curve, mixed correlation function

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