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date: 13 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

India has been an unrelenting proponent of nuclear disarmament and an active participant in multilateral nuclear arms control negotiations, but paradoxically it is also deeply sceptical of and estranged from the global nuclear regime. This chapter examines India’s efforts in nuclear arms control and disarmament to suggest an explanation for this paradox, which is that India has used multilateralism as a way of avoiding difficult national security choices. Multilateralism thus became the option and this led to exaggerated expectations about its benefits. On the other hand, India, as a weak state had little control over the results of such multilateral exercises, which have invariably been unfavourable to India and unhelpful in resolving its security dilemma, which led to the estrangement and scepticism about such efforts.

Keywords: India, nuclear policy, arms control, disarmament, multilateralism, security

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