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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

India’s multilateral diplomacy has evolved significantly over time, based on its priorities and on structural changes in the international system. Today, India’s domestic imperatives of providing social security and prosperity to its people necessitate peace and stability in its extended neighbourhood and beyond. To this end, India has had to bolster its bilateral and multilateral engagements with some mini-multilateral forums, a new format that can best be described as ‘plurilateralism’. These clubs or groups serve a variety of purposes. They primarily help India recast some assumptions and norms on key debates as it makes the transition from being part of the global opposition to a global agenda-setting role. While India is a member of several such groups, including the G20, this chapter discusses India’s engagement at and with the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), IBSA (India, Brazil and South Africa), and RIC (Russia, India and China).

Keywords: India, diplomacy, plurilateralism, BRICS, IBSA, RIC, multilateralism

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