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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

India’s traditional focus on economic and community-based ties with the Persian Gulf has been complemented in the twenty-first century with a dramatic upswing in political, defence, security, energy, and economic linkages with the countries of the region. Developments in the Gulf after the Arab Spring—centred around the Saudi–Iran divide on sectarian and strategic bases, competition for space and influence among various Islamist groups, and challenges to the traditional domestic structures within GCC countries—have created considerable turbulence in the regional security scenario. Given its high stakes in the region, Indian foreign policy faces a new imperative: defining and realizing a new security architecture in the Persian Gulf that would embrace all players, regional and extra-regional, in association with other major Asian powers which share India’s interests in Gulf stability.

Keywords: Persian Gulf, Indian foreign policy, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Gulf Cooperation Council, regional security architecture

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