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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of India–Sri Lanka relations since the dawn of independence. Being a small country, bordering on a colossus, it is natural that Sri Lanka should entertain fears about the intentions and objectives of its northern neighbour. Very often, the Sinhalese elite, in order to limit Indian influence, tries to involve external powers, which contribute to the worsening of India–Sri Lanka relations. Significant highlights in the chapter include: problems of stateless people, delimitation of the maritime boundary, New Delhi’s policy towards ethnic conflict, the India–Sri Lanka Accord and the 13th Amendment, the refugee phenomenon, the travails of fishermen, and India–Sri Lanka economic cooperation. The full potential of India–Sri Lanka relations can be accomplished only when the ruling elite view geography as an opportunity and not as a hindrance.

Keywords: stateless people, maritime boundary, India–Sri Lanka Accord, economic cooperation, ethnic conflict

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