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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on India’s relations with Nepal. India’s security interests and its Nepal policy have been shaped by historical legacy, geographical imperatives, and regional and global political dynamics. India tried to evolve mechanisms of mutual security arrangements and foreign policy coordination to underline its ‘special relationship’ with Nepal but did not succeed. It was also keen to keep strategically adversarial foreign influences out of Nepal but could not do so fully. India successfully helped Nepal in resolving the latter’s transformational political upheavals, but failed to make Nepal institutionalize the changes. India’s failures in Nepal resulted from a lack of long-term policy perspective, interventionist and insensitive diplomatic behaviour, diversity of domestic stakeholders, and the role of aggressive external players like China, Pakistan and the United States. India’s future challenges in Nepal can be met through a stable and forward-looking Nepal as well as a resilient regional policy of India.

Keywords: India, Nepal, security, special relationship, policy coordination, stakeholders, United States, China

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