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date: 26 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Foreign and defence policy overlap in most countries, and India is no exception. This chapter traces the origins of India’s national security policies and discusses key turning points. It argues that the first major shift in the country’s defence policies took place in the immediate aftermath of the 1962 Sino-Indian border war. In the wake of this conflict the country embarked upon a substantial program of military modernization. It also focuses on a series of extant threats that the country confronts, the policies and strategies that have been adopted to address them, and their limitations and prospects. The chapter also addresses the question of India’s military industrial base and its shortcomings. The final section focuses on the key challenges that confront the country and are likely to shape the course of its national security policies.

Keywords: India, national security policy, threats, military industrial base, Sino-Indian war

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