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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Voice cognition—the set of abilities to extract diverse types of information in voices—is supported in our brain by a large set of distributed neural areas. This ‘vocal brain’ is constituted of a core network of voice-sensitive areas in the temporal lobe, the temporal voice areas (TVAs), connected to an extended network of extra-temporal areas with significant voice sensitivity including the amygdala and inferior prefrontal cortex bilaterally. The TVAs are likely performing voice detection and ‘structural encoding’ based on internal voice templates, as a preliminary computational stage necessary prior to analysis of goal-relevant information in the extended network. Despite its early development and long evolutionary history, the vocal brain remains poorly understood and much work remains ahead for a better understanding of its detailed functional organization.

Keywords: voice, speech, paralinguistic, identity, affect, fMRI, auditory cortex, core network, extended network, temporal voice area

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