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date: 23 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the putative representation of voices in human memory by looking at perceptual, acoustical, and cerebral correlates for the processing of speaker identity, gender, and age. Specifically, it outlines the factors that contribute to the variability in recognition accuracy for these speaker attributes, highlighting the importance of learning mechanisms. The chapter presents behavioural and neurological evidence for the notion that voices, similar to faces, are represented in memory relative to an average prototypical voice within a multidimensional acoustic space. While this account presents a useful framework to understand the neural coding of individual voices, it will take further research to elucidate how gender, age, and other speaker attributes are represented in this putative ‘voice space’. Furthermore, it remains to be determined whether and how the processing of various vocal cues may interact to shape everyday speaker perception.

Keywords: voice representation, prototype, acoustic parameter, neuronal voice coding, adaptation

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