Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 June 2020

(p. xi) Notes on Contributors

(p. xi) Notes on Contributors

Judith Aissen is Research Professor of Linguistics at UC Santa Cruz. The primary focus of her work since the 1970s has been on the morphology, syntax, and information structure of the Mayan languages, especially Tsotsil, Tz’utujil, and K’ichee’. She has always been particularly interested in the properties and analysis of Agent Focus constructions, and their position at the interface of these three modules.

Edith Aldridge is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Washington. Her work focuses on syntax, particularly diachronic change, of Austronesian languages, Chinese, and Japanese. Her work on ergativity has appeared in the journals Language and Linguistics, Compass, Lingua, Linguistics Vanguard, Sophia Linguistica, as well as the collected volumes Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes and Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics.

Artemis Alexiadou is Professor of English Linguistics at the Humboldt University of Berlin. She received her PhD in linguistics in 1994 from the University of Potsdam. Her research interests lie in theoretical and comparative syntax, morphology, and most importantly in the interface between syntax, morphology, the lexicon, and interpretation.

Jennifer Austin is Associate Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Studies at Rutgers University, Newark. She received her PhD in linguistics from Cornell University with a minor in cognitive science. Her research interests include language acquisition, bilingualism, and the effects of language contact. She is a co-author of the book Bilingualism in the Spanish-speaking World (2015) and has published articles on the acquisition of Basque, English, and Spanish.

Mark C. Baker is Distinguished Professor of Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Rutgers University. He received his PhD in linguistics in 1985 from MIT, and previously taught at McGill University. He specializes in the syntax and morphology of less-studied languages, seeking to bring together generative-style theories and data from fieldwork and typological comparison. He has written five research monographs, including Case: Its Principles and Its Parameters (2015).

Edith L. Bavin received her PhD from the University of Buffalo and taught at the University of Oregon before moving to Australia, where she conducted fieldwork on Nilotic languages and on the acquisition of Warlpiri. She switched to experimental work focusing on both typical and atypical language development. She was editor (p. xii) of the Journal of Child Language (2006–12), edited the Cambridge Handbook of Child Language (2009) and a second expanded edition (2015) together with Letitia Naigles, and co-edited with Sabine Stolle The Acquisition of Ergative Languages (2013). Now an honorary professor at La Trobe University, she is still conducting acquisition research.

Ane Berro is a post-doc researcher at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and the laboratory Structures Formelles du Langage (UMR 7023, CNRS/Paris 8). She did her doctoral dissertation ‘Breaking Verbs: From Event Structure to Syntactic Categories in Basque’ under the supervision of Beatriz Fernández (UPV/EHU) and Ricardo Etxepare (CNRS IKER UMR 5478), and, currently, she is working on aspect, categorization, and the relation between syntax and morphology.

Jonathan David Bobaljik has held appointments at Harvard and McGill, and is currently Professor of Linguistics at the University of Connecticut. His theoretical research has focused primarily on morphology and syntax, and he has conducted descriptive fieldwork on the Itelmen language, Kamchatka, Russia. Publications include Universals in Comparative Morphology (2012).

Miriam Butt is Professor for Theoretical and Computational Linguistics at the University of Kontanz. Her research interests include morphosyntax, historical linguistics, and computational linguistics. The bulk of her research is on South Asian languages, with a special emphasis on Urdu, though she has also worked on English and German. She has written and edited several books on syntax, semantics, and computational linguistics, including a textbook on theories of case.

Shobhana Chelliah is a documentary linguist working primarily on the Tibeto-Burman languages of Manipur state in northeast India. Her interests lie in morphosyntactic issues such as case morphology, referent tracking, and affix ordering. Her publications include A Grammar of Meithei (1997) and the Handbook of Descriptive Linguistic Fieldwork (co-authored with Willem de Reuse (2011). With funding from the National Science Foundation, she is currently working with members of the Lamkang community (Tibeto-Burman) to develop a practical orthography and create an online dictionary for their language. She is also working towards the creation of a language archive for Tibeto-Burman languages. Chelliah served as the Program Director for the Documenting Endangered Languages program at the National Science Foundation (2012–15), and is currently a professor of linguistics at the University of North Texas.

Richard Compton is Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the Université du Québec à Montréal in Canada. His works examines polysynthetic word-formation, nominal and verbal incorporation, lexical categories, modification, and agreement in Eastern Canadian Inuktitut. He has conducted fieldwork in the communities of Iqaluit and Baker Lake in Nunavut and is currently co-editing a new edition of a dictionary of the Kangiryuarmiut dialect of Western Canadian Inuit.

(p. xiii) Jessica Coon is Associate Professor of Linguistics at McGill University. She finished her PhD at MIT in 2010 and then spent one year as a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University. Jessica has worked on topics including ergativity, split ergativity, verb-initial word order, and agreement, with a special focus on Mayan languages. Her book Aspects of Split Ergativity was published by Oxford University Press in 2013.

Ashwini Deo received a Master’s in Sanskrit grammar and linguistics from Pune, India, followed by a PhD in linguistics from Stanford University (2006). She is an associate professor at Yale University. Her main research interest is in systematic semantic change phenomena—particularly in the ways in which functional morphemes like tense–aspect, negation, possession markers change over time in the ways that they do. Within semantics–pragmatics she also works on phenomena in the domains of aspect, temporal reference, lexical semantics of verbs, and genericity. Her empirical focus is on the Indo-Aryan languages.

John W. Du Bois is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. A specialist in functional linguistics, discourse, Mayan languages, and sociocultural linguistics, his work centers on the interaction between discourse and grammar. He has long been interested in the complex functional competitions that drive the emergence of grammar as a complex adaptive system, yielding the extraordinary typological diversity of argument structure constructions and syntactic alignments in the world’s languages. His publications include Competing Motivations (1985), The Discourse Basis of Ergativity (1987), Preferred Argument Structure (2003), Discourse and Grammar (2003), Motivating Competitions (2014), and Towards a Dialogic Syntax (2014).

Michael Yoshitaka Erlewine is Assistant Professor at the National University of Singapore. He received his PhD in linguistics from MIT in 2014. His research interests are syntactic theory and the syntax–semantics interface.

Ricardo Etxepare is a permanent researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, and director of the lab IKER (UMR5478), a research center devoted to the study of the Basque language and Basque texts in Bayonne, France.

Diana Forker teaches general linguistics at the University of Bamberg. She completed her PhD at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Her main interests are languages of the Caucasus, typology, and morphosyntax. She currently works on the documentation of the Nakh-Daghestanian language Sanzhi Dargwa and on a typological investigation of gender agreement. Among her publications are A Grammar of Hinuq (2013) and several articles on different aspects of Nakh-Daghestanian languages.

Geoffrey Haig received his PhD in general linguistics from the University of Kiel in 1997. He is currently professor of linguistics in the Institute of Oriental Studies at the University of Bamberg. His research interests focus on the languages of the Middle East, in particular the syntactic features they have inherited, and those they have shared with their neighbors. He is also active in language documentation, and in corpus-based approaches to language typology and areal linguistics.

(p. xiv) Alana Johns is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. Her research concerns the morphosyntax of complex words, especially in the Inuit language. She has published on ergativity, noun incorporation, and verbal inflection. One of her main research interests are syntactic differences between closely related dialects, where small distinctions can lead to a wide range of effects. Another area of involvement is language maintenance, where linguistics can help in capacity development within communities who are engaged with these issues. She has worked with the Inuit of Nunatsiavut for many years.

Daniel Kaufman specializes in historical, descriptive, and theoretical issues in Austronesian languages with a focus on the languages of the Philippines and Indonesia. He is co-founder and executive director of the Endangered Language Alliance, a non-profit organization dedicated to documenting and conserving the endangered languages of New York City’s immigrant communities and is also Assistant Professor at the Department of Linguistics and Communication Disorders at Queens College, CUNY.

Geoffrey Khan is currently Regius Professor of Hebrew at the University of Cambridge. He was awarded his PhD by the University of London in 1984 for a thesis on extraposition in the Semitic languages. His published books include a series of grammars of Neo-Aramaic dialects, editions of medieval Judaeo-Arabic grammatical texts and medieval Arabic documents and an introduction to the Hebrew Bible. He is general editor of the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics.

Ritsuko Kikusawa is Associate Professor of the National Museum of Ethnology and the Graduate University for Advanced Studies in Japan. Her research interests include description of Fijian dialects and Betsimisaraka Malagasy, methodology of morphosyntactic comparison and reconstruction, and the linguistic prehistory of Oceania. Her recent publications include “The Austronesian language family” (The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics, ed. Claire Bowern & Bethwyn Evans, 2015).

Christa König is Apl. Professor at the Institute of African Linguistics, University of Frankfurt. Her research interests include verbal aspect and case systems. She has carried out extensive field research on the following languages: Maa (Kenya, Tanzania), Ik (Northeastern Uganda), !Xun (Namibia), and Akie (Tanzania). Her publications include ‘Marked nominative in Africa’ (Studies in Language 30(4): 705–782, 2006) and Case in Africa (Oxford University Press, 2008).

Ivona Kučerová is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at McMaster University. She specializes in theoretical syntax and semantics, and their interface. Her works explores information structure and its morphosyntactic correlates, definiteness systems and their relation to aspect, the morphosyntax and morpho-semantics of case, agreement, and case splits, the syntax of null languages, and the syntax of copular clauses. She works mainly on Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages.

(p. xv) Itziar Laka is Full Professor at the Department of Linguistics and Basque Studies and Director of The Bilingual Mind research group at the University of the Basque Country. Her research combines theoretical linguistics and experimental methods to inquire into the representation and processing of language, with a strong focus on syntax and bilingualism.

Mary Laughren is an honorary senior research fellow in the School of Languages and Cultures at the University of Queensland, where she taught linguistics (1993–2009). Since 1975 she has studied the Warlpiri language and has been involved in the implementation of bilingual education programs in Warlpiri-speaking communities. One focus of her research is the interplay between lexical and syntactic organization. She is currently collaborating in the documentation of traditional Warlpiri songs, and since 2000 of another Australian language, Waanyi.

Julie Anne Legate is Professor of Linguistics and the Chair of Undergraduate Studies in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania. She received her PhD from MIT in 2002. She is the author of Voice and v: Lessons from Acehnese, and is editor-in-chief of Natural Language & Linguistic Theory.

Theodore Levin received his PhD in linguistics from MIT in 2015 and is a postdoctoral research associate in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Maryland. His primary research interests are in syntactic theory with specific interest in the interaction of case, agreement, and word order.

Nicholas Longenbaugh is a PhD student in linguistics at MIT, with a BA in computer science and linguistics from Harvard University (2014). His work focuses on issues in syntax, with an emphasis on cross-linguistic variation and universal principles. He has done original research and fieldwork on Austronesian and Romance languages. Nicholas has also worked within the Tree-Adjoining Grammar framework, and has explored topics concerning formal complexity in language.

Anoop Mahajan is Professor in the Department of Linguistics at UCLA. He received his PhD in linguistics from MIT in 1990 and has taught at UCLA since 1992. His research includes work in formal generative syntax with a special emphasis on how to account for typological variation across languages. He has published research on various topics in syntax that include word order and scrambling, agreement and case, ergativity, partial wh-movement, and relative clauses.

Andrej Malchukov is a senior researcher at the St.-Petersburg Institute for Linguistic Research (Russian Academy of Sciences), currently affiliated as Visiting Professor to the University of Mainz. Apart from descriptive work on Siberian (in particular, Tungusic) languages, his main research interests lie in the domain of language typology. He published extensively on the issues of morphosyntactic typology; in particular, he edited The Oxford Handbook of Case (together with Andrew Spencer; 2009), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook (together with Bernard Comrie and Martin (p. xvi) Haspelmath; 2010); Competing Motivations in Grammar and Cognition (together with Brian MacWhinney and Edith Moravcsik; OUP, 2014), and Valency Classes in the World’s Languages (together with Bernard Comrie; 2015).

Diane Massam (PhD MIT 1985) is Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. Her research areas are argument structure, case, predication, and word order, with a focus on the Niue language (Polynesian), and an interest in register variation in English. She has edited volumes on Austronesian syntax, ergativity, and the count–mass distinction, and was co-editor of Squibs for Linguistic Inquiry.

William B. McGregor is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Aesthetics and Communication, Aarhus University, Denmark. His primary research interest is in the languages of the Kimberley region of Western Australia; more recently he has begun work on a Khoisan language of Botswana. He has published widely on these languages, including descriptive grammars, and has a long-term interest in ergativity.

Gereon Müller is Professor of general linguistics at Leipzig University, and head of the graduate program “Interaction of Grammatical Building Blocks” (IGRA). He got his Dr. phil. from Tübingen University in 1993, and his Dr. habil. from the same university in 1996, both with works on theoretical syntax. His main research interest is grammatical theory, with a special focus on syntax and morphology.

Léa Nash PhD (1995), Paris 8 University, is Professor of Linguistics at that university. She has published many articles in theoretical syntax, especially on argument structure, case theory, and ergativity.

Yuko Otsuka is Associate Professor in Linguistics at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. Her research interests are theoretical syntax and Austronesian languages. She has worked extensively on Tongan (Polynesian) with special focus on case and ergativity.

Tyler Peterson received his PhD from the University of British Columbia in 2010 and joined the University of Auckland in 2016. He has undertaken extensive fieldwork on the endangered indigenous language Gitksan (Tsimshianic, British Columbia), and has also worked with indigenous languages in the southwestern United States, the South Pacific, and the Brazilian Amazon.

Barbara Pfeiler is Professor of Linguistics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in Mérida, Yucatán. She has conducted fieldwork on the acquisition of Yukatek and Teenek since 1997. She has published articles on the acquisition of these languages as well as on the sociolinguistics and dialectology of Yukatek. She edited the volume Learning Indigenous Languages: Child Language Acquisition in Mesoamerica (2007).

Maria Polinsky (PhD 1986) is Professor of Linguistics and Associate Director of the Language Science Center at the University of Maryland. Her main interests are in theoretical syntax, with an emphasis on cross-linguistic variation. She is also interested in the (p. xvii) integration of experimental methodologies in linguistic research. She has done extensive work on ergative languages across several language families, namely, Austronesian, Kartvelian, Nakh-Dagestanian, and Paleo-Siberian.

Omer Preminger is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of Maryland (College Park). He graduated from MIT in 2011, and was a postdoctoral associate at MIT and at Harvard. Before joining UMD, he was a faculty member at Syracuse University. Omer has worked on issues of agreement and case in a variety of languages, including Basque, Hebrew, Kaqchikel, and Sakha. His publications include Agreement and Its Failures (2014).

Clifton Pye is Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Kansas. His specialty is the documentation of the acquisition of Mayan languages with a special focus on the acquisition of K’iche’, Mam, Q’anjob’al, and Ch’ol. He has published numerous articles on the acquisition of phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics in these languages.

Francesc Queixalós as a member of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and, periodically, of the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (France), Francesc Queixalós has conducted in-depth research on two languages of lowland South America, Sikuani (Guahiban) spoken in the savanna area of the middle Orinoco, and Katukina-Kanamari (Katukinan), spoken in the rain forest south of the middle Amazon, while addressing several issues in the morphosyntax of Tupi-Guarani languages. He has taught linguistics in several Universities in France and South America.

Andrés Pablo Salanova is Associate Professor of Linguistics at the University of Ottawa. He has worked with the Mẽbengokre since 1996, totaling over one year in the field and writing on several different aspects of their language. Salanova holds a BA in mathematics from Brown University, an MA in linguistics from Campinas (Brazil), and a PhD in linguistics from MIT.

Eva Schultze-Berndt is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Manchester, UK. She received an MA from the University of Cologne, and a PhD from the University of Nijmegen. Her research interests include complex predication, overt classification of verbs/events, secondary predication, spatial language, parts of speech, information structure, language contact, and documentary linguistics.

Michelle Sheehan is a senior lecturer at Anglia Ruskin University, specializing in comparative syntax. She has worked on null arguments, Control, word order variation, clausal–nominal parallels, and case/alignment. She is co-author of Parametric Variation: Null Subjects in Minimalist Theory (2010); The Philosophy of Universal Grammar (OUP, 2013); The Final-over-Final Constraint (forthcoming). Michelle is co-editor of Theoretical Approaches to Disharmonic Word Order (OUP, 2013) and of the journal IBERIA.

(p. xviii) Tarald Taraldsen (PhD University of Tromsø, 1983) has worked as Professor of Linguistics at the University of Tromsø since 1984. He was a senior researcher at the Center for Advanced Study in Theoretical Linguistics (2002–12). He has worked on the syntax of Scandinavian and Romance languages and, since 2008, also on the syntax and morphology of Bantu languages.

Daniela Thomas gained her MA from Leipzig University in 2015, with a thesis on a harmonic grammar approach to scale effects in argument encoding that combines minimalist syntax with weighted constraints in post-syntactic morphology. Her bachelor thesis from 2013 tackles split ergativity in subordinate contexts from a minimalist perspective.

Lisa deMena Travis completed her PhD in Linguistics at MIT in 1984, writing on parameters of word order variation. She is currently Professor in the Department of Linguistics at McGill University where she has been teaching since 1984. Her research focuses mainly on phrase structure, head movement, language typology, Austronesian languages (in particular, Malagasy and Tagalog), and the interface between syntax and phonology. Recent publications include Inner Aspect: The Articulation of VP (Springer, 2010).

Kevin Tuite is Professor of Anthropology at the Université de Montréal. He directed the Caucasus Studies program at the Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (2010–14). Since 1985, he has been researching the languages and cultures of the Caucasus, with a focus on Georgia. He is presently working on a grammar of the Svan language, and a study of the cult of St George in the Caucasus.

Coppe van Urk received his PhD in linguistics from MIT in 2015 and is a lecturer at Queen Mary University of London. His research focuses on syntax, with specific interests in movement, case, agreement, and the structure of Dinka.

Martina Wiltschko is Professor of Linguistics at the University of British Columbia (Vancouver). She is interested in the range and limits of variation in the domain of syntax and its interfaces (syntax–morphology; syntax–semantics; syntax–pragmatics). She has extensively published on several empirical domains pertaining to this question including her recent monograph The Structure of Universal Categories: Towards a Formal Typology.

Ellen Woolford received a BA from Rice University and a PhD from Duke University, with a dissertation on Tok Pisin based on fieldwork in Papua New Guinea. She is currently a professor of linguistics at the University of Massachusetts. She has published on a range of topics in syntax, including locality constraints on wh movement and the behavior of passives in double-object constructions. Her recent work focuses on the theory and typology of case and agreement.

(p. xix) Adam Zawiszewski graduated in Romance philology (Adam Mickiewicz University), obtained a Master’s in Linguistics from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) where he also defended his PhD. He completed a postdoctoral training at the Max-Planck Institute for Human Sciences and Cognition (Leipzig). In 2011 he was awarded a Juan de la Cierva Fellowship by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Currently he is working as Assistant Professor at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU).

(p. xx)