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date: 20 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of ergativity in Hindi/Urdu and some related South Asian languages.  Hindi/Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language that is part of a South Asian linguistic area or Sprachbund in which Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, and Munda languages have been in constant contact for thousands of years.  Hindi/Urdu is the South Asian language that has been studied most in terms of case marking and ergativity.  It thus serves as a basis for this handbook article.  The distribution of ergativity in Hindi/Urdu and related languages is explored and discussed in the context of the South Asian linguistic area and with respect to various structural and semantic factors that have been adduced in the literature.

Keywords: Hindi/Urdu, South Asian, Indo-Aryan, Differential Case Marking, agreement, alignment, unergative, dative/ergative, individual level predication, lexical semantics

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