- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Ergativity
- Notes on Contributors
- Ergativity in Nominalization
- Ergativity and Austronesian-Type Voice Systems
- On the Morphosyntactic Reflexes of Information Structure in the Ergative Patterning of Inuit Language
- Ergative Constellations in the Structure of Speech Acts
- Correlates of Ergativity in Mayan
- Ergative Case in Burushaski: A Dependent Case Analysis
- Ergativity in Basque
- Hindi/Urdu and Related Languages
- Ergativity in Inuktitut
- Ergativity in Nakh–Daghestanian
- Ergativity in Neo-Aramaic
- Ergativity in Africa
- Ergativity in Tibeto-Burman
- The Ergative in Warlpiri: A Case Study
- Ergative–Absolutive Patterns in Tongan: An Overview
- Alignment across Tsimshianic
- What being a Syntactically Ergative Language means for Katukina-Kanamari
- Ergativity in Jê languages
- Interaction of Ergativity and Information Structure in Jaminjung (Australia)
- Alignment and orientation in Kartvelian (South Caucasian)
- Author Index
- Language Index
- Subject Index
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter argues – closely following the insights of Berge (2011) – that the ergative clause structure of the Inuit language is conditioned by information structure properties, more precisely by its topic comment properties. It articulates a formal model where the morphosyntactic properties result from this information structure trigger. Furthermore it shows that not only does the model correctly account for the split case and agreement properties of the Inuit language, but also other relevant properties discussed in the literature, i.e., scope properties of objects and aspect. It is also argued that objects in this language are introduced through an applicative head (Basilico 2012), after which they either topicalize or get assigned oblique case.
Alana Johns teaches Linguistics at the University of Toronto, where she specializes in morphology, and syntax. For over 20 years she has been researching morphosyntactic properties of the Inuit language, including dialects spoken in Nunatsiavut (Labrador), Iqaluit, and Qamani'tuaq (Baker Lake). She has published on ergativity (e.g., Deriving ergativity. 1992. Linguistic Inquiry), noun incorporation (e.g.,Restricting noun incorporation: root movement. 2007. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory) and dialect differences (e.g. Eskimo-Aleut languages. 2010. Language and Linguistics Compass). She also works with community language specialists who are involved in language maintenance and/or language research.
Ivona Kučerová is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at McMaster University. She specializes in theoretical syntax and semantics, and their interface. Her works explores information structure and its morphosyntactic correlates, definiteness systems and their relation to aspect, the morphosyntax and morpho-semantics of case, agreement, and case splits, the syntax of null languages, and the syntax of copular clauses. She works mainly on Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages.
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