- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Persian Linguistics
- List of Figures and Tables
- List of Abbreviations
- The Contributors
- From Old to New Persian
- Typological Approaches and Dialects
- Generative Approaches to Syntax
- Other Approaches to Syntax
- Specific Features of Persian Syntax: The <i>Ezafe</i> construction, differential object marking, and complex predicates
- Academy of Persian Language and Literature
- Language contact and multilingualism in Iran
- Persian as a Heritage Language
- Teaching Persian to Speakers of Other Languages
- Computational Linguistics
- Name Index
- Subject Index
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter looks at the evolution of Persian, the only language to be substantially documented in all three periods of Old, Middle, and New Iranian on account of its close association with political centres over the centuries: Old and Middle Persian with the Achaemenids and the Sasanians, New Persian with Islamic powers. The chapter includes two parts, preceded by a survey of research on the three stages of Persian. The first part presents the documentation of Old and Middle Persian, discusses the innovations of Old Persian, and considers the transition from Old to Middle Persian. The second part deals with the rise of New Persian by taking into account Early Judaeo-Persian, Persian in Syriac script, Manichaean New Persian, and the early texts in Arabic script. It then discusses the main changes of the language in its literary and non-literary varieties until Contemporary New Persian.
Mauro Maggi (PhD 1992) is Associate Professor of Iranian philology at La Sapienza University (Rome) and was Associate Professor of Indo-Iranian philology at L’Orientale University (Naples) until 2008. His areas of expertise are the Khotanese language and literature, Central Asian Buddhism, the history of the Iranian languages, and early and sub-standard New Persian. He has published The Khotanese Karmavibhaṅga (1995), Pelliot Chinois 2928: A Khotanese Love Story (1997), and many scholarly articles. Among his edited books are The Persian Language in History (with Paola Orsatti, 2011) and Buddhism among the Iranian Peoples of Central Asia (with Matteo De Chiara and Giuliana Martini, 2013).
Paola Orsatti (Laurea in Lettere, 1979) entered university as a researcher in 1983 and is currently Associate Professor of Persian Language and Literature at La Sapienza University (Rome), where she formerly also taught history of the Persian language. In addition to her Persian studies, she specialized as keeper of manuscripts at the Scuola Speciale per Archivisti e Bibliotecari of La Sapienza University in 1992. Her research focuses on the history of Persian, Persian classical literature, the history of Persian studies in Europe, palaeography, and codicology of Islamic manuscripts. Besides a number of scholarly articles, she has published Il fondo Borgia della Biblioteca Vaticana e gli studi orientali a Roma tra Sette e Ottocento (1996), Appunti per una storia della lingua neopersiana. 1: Parte generale, fonologia, la più antica documentazione (2007), Corso di lingua persiana (with Daniela Meneghini, 2012), and edited The Persian Language in History (with Mauro Maggi, 2011).
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