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date: 01 December 2020

(p. xiii) List of figures and tables

(p. xiii) List of figures and tables

Figures

  1. 5.1 Speech production process (Levelt 1989) 72

  2. 11.1 The relations among the goals of prevention-motivated deception (by commission) from the perspective of a speaker, S, whose motivating goal is to PREVENT the hearer, H, from believing qc. S achieves this by means of lower-level communicative goals, CONTINUE, ACQUIRE, and CEASE, whose conditions for activation are indicated. The action (goal) side of each condition-action pair is the belief about p––the believed false proposition which S believes does not suggest qc––that S seeks to obtain in H. 154

  3. 12.1 A visual representation of the certainty–uncertainty continuum. 172

  4. 27.1 Varieties of linguistic vagueness. 356

  5. 32.1 Example time-series input data for Babytalk BT45 system (from Reiter 2007). HR is heart rate, SO is oxygen saturation, TC is core temperature, TP is peripheral (toe) temperature, BM is mean blood pressure. 422

  6. 35.1 Schematic illustration of the logic of forward and reverse inferences. A forward inference is the probability that a certain pattern of brain activation (e.g., A1) is elicited by a certain mental state (e.g., deception, D). This information can be obtained by carrying out brain-imaging studies in which the mental state of interest is manipulated, and measuring the brain-activation effects of the manipulation. A reverse inference, in contrast, is the probability that a certain mental state (e.g., deception, D), is present, given a certain pattern of activation in the brain (e.g., A1). Given that a certain pattern of activation can be produced by multiple mental states (e.g., A1 can be elicited by D and S2), it is necessary to use Bayes’ rule to calculate probabilities in inverse inferences (see text). 463

  7. 35.2 Results of the overlap analysis. In green are voxels engaged by one or more of the control tasks (‘working memory’, ‘inhibition’, ‘task switching’, and ‘theory of mind’), but not by deception; in yellow are voxels engaged in common by deception and by at least one of the control tasks; in red are (p. xiv) voxels engaged exclusively by deception. The patterns of activation are overlaid on horizontal slices through a normalized and deskulled brain. 465

  8. 39.1 Competing goals in the classroom (adapted from Kelly and Maxwell (2016)). 515