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date: 24 November 2020

(p. 651) Index

(p. 651) Index

absolutism 469–77, 480–1
acceptability 66–8, 388, 390, 565, 572–4
acceptance 110, 112, 117, 309–10. See also joint acceptance
act-utilitarianism 477–8, 480–1. See also utilitarianism
Activation-Decision-Construction-Action-Theory (ADCAT) 443
Adler, Jonathan 53, 57, 142, 191, 193–4, 197, 198–202
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The by Mark Twain 558
Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The by Mark Twain 558
advertising 69, 318, 325, 329, 355, 367, 376, 378, 522, 559–60
affective correlates of lying 451–2
akrasia 127, 213
ambiguity 64, 69, 187, 318, 324, 329–30, 368, 429
covert ambiguity 329–30
amphiboly 376. See also mental reservation
ancient Greece 13–31, 506
Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy 204
ant 85
anti-realist theories 95. See also realist theories
anxiety 299, 410–11, 418, 427, 429, 439, 451
ape 89
approximation 356–8, 360, 364
Aquinas, Thomas 13–14, 150, 203–4, 295
Arabic. See Makkan Arabic
Arendt, Hannah 533
Aristotle 13–31, 208, 213, 530
asserting/assertion 2, 4, 33–43, 46, 50–4, 56, 59, 64, 67, 102, 105, 107, 109–19, 121–33, 135, 138, 144–9, 155, 157, 159, 161, 163–5, 170, 172, 174, 176–80, 182, 195, 197–8, 200–3, 232, 234, 239, 242–51, 253, 255–7, 259–63, 276, 281, 289, 292–3, 298, 303–5, 307–10, 313–14, 332, 335–6, 354–5, 361, 400, 423, 474, 477, 483–4, 486, 512, 515, 519–20, 559. See also cynical assertion; selfless assertion
(epistemic) norm of assertion 121–3, 126, 129–30
graded assertion 177
insincere assertion 2, 4, 38–40, 59, 123, 135, 144–8, 195, 197, 263
knowledge norm of assertion (KNA) 123, 129–30 (see also knowledge-assertion norm)
negligently asserting 128
reasonably asserting 128
untruthful assertion 34–7
vicious assertion 127–9, 131–2
attitude 30, 63, 68, 103–4, 113, 171, 200, 207, 243, 266, 276, 298, 310, 313, 316–17, 323–5, 341, 378, 439, 448, 525, 535, 551, 557, 562, 573
attribution 113–14, 324
audience design hypothesis 76
Augustine 142, 252, 274, 288–9, 326, 469–71, 480, 511
Austin, John L. 144, 200, 291–2, 358
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) 404
autonomy 293–4, 488
Avventure di Pinocchio, Le by Carlo Collodi 557
Babytalk systems 420–35
bargaining game 279
Baron Munchausen’s Narrative of his Marvelous Travels and Campaigns in Russia by Rudolf Erich Raspe 544
being deceptive 107, 159, 187, 189–90, 235, 247–8, 258–9, 263
being economical with the truth 383, 394–5, 522
belief 1–2, 6–8, 18–19, 26, 33–4, 37–42, 51, 57, 60, 66, 68, 96, 98, 105, 107, 110, 112–19, 120–33, 135, 140, 149–67, 168, 171–82, 183–7, 189–91, 195, 199, 204–15, 219, 224, 227, 233–5, 242, 248–54, 259–60, 264–5, 268, 271–6, 280, 285, 295, 305–14, 317, 324–9, 331–9, 370, 374–5, 378, 381, 391, 394, 400–4, 409, 445, 447–8, 451, 476, 478, 481, 484, 508, 519, 530, 532, 535, 537, 548, 551, 567–9, 571
biased belief 211–12
coverage-supported belief 189
first-order belief 7–8, 403–4, 508
second-order belief 7–8, 403–4
bluffing/bluff 33, 87, 277–87
boaster 27–9
Brandom, Robert 110–11, 114–19
brazenness 263
Brodmann area (BA) 90, 280, 461
Bronston case (Bronston v. United States) 201, 485
Bruchstücke: Aus einer Kindheit 1939–1948 by Binjamin Wilkomirski 556
bullshitting/bullshit 128, 175, 260, 264–76, 281, 430, 538
evasive bullshit 269
Bush, George W. 545–7
butt 335–6
butterfly 85
canned joke 329, 338
capitulation 263
Carson, Thomas L. 43–5
central resources 80–1
certainty 170–82, 200–1, 432, 484, 521, 529. See also uncertainty
certainty-uncertainty continuum 172
Charlie the gambler case 258–9
cheating student case 137, 147–8, 254, 260–1, 263
children’s lie-telling behavior 399–407
children’s literature 558
chilling deceptive speech 484
Chinese 66–7, 388, 392, 570–3
Chisholm, Roderick M. and Thomas D. Feehan 1, 34–7, 40–2, 44–6, 51–3, 103–5, 109–10, 117, 151–2, 162, 167, 181, 186, 191, 198, 236, 260, 291–2, 328
classroom 249, 507, 515
clinical communication. See doctor-patient communication
Clinton, Bill 51, 194, 365–6, 395, 485
cognition 84, 86–9, 91, 294, 402, 407, 462
cognitive abilities 6, 7, 83, 86–9, 399–407
cognitive load 64–5, 78, 410–11, 413–14, 418, 441–4, 450, 452, 461
cognitive neuroscience findings 459–67
cognitive neuroscience methods 458–9
coherence theories 95–6
Coleman, Linda and Paul Kay 4, 59–60, 62, 66–68, 195–6, 384–5, 567–9
collective interviewing 417–18. See also forced turn-taking
Collodi, Carlo 557
commission 149–69, 186
commitment 178–80, 198–9, 200–1, 383
common ground 48–9, 109, 148, 164, 308–13, 336
community week case 196–7
computational linguistics 420–35
concealed-information paradigms 457–60, 466
Concealed Information Test (CIT) 6, 454. See also Guilty Knowledge Test
concealing 57, 142, 155, 157, 247–8, 409, 445, 478, 556
concealment 29, 67, 184, 191, 260, 278, 299, 370
confidence 170–5, 178, 181, 219, 236–7, 293, 490, 513, 546
confirmation bias 355
consequences of lying 443–4
contextomy 315–25
contrived distraction 155, 162–3, 168
Control Question Test (CQT) 411
conversational norm 129, 187–9, 191, 246, 269. See also maxim
cooperation 6, 61, 83, 295, 361, 363, 491, 502, 511, 519, 524
cooperative principle 3, 60–1, 134–5, 140, 145–6, 148–9, 373, 392, 567, 570
corpus/corpus-based evidence 344, 350–3, 373, 393. See also empirical evidence
correspondence theories 95–6
Cottingley Fairies 562–3
creationist teacher case 248, 250, 260, 271, 273
criminal offense 484–9
Criteria Based Content Analysis (CBCA) 412
culture 62, 65–7, 264, 374, 383, 388, 391, 517, 535, 565–77
Cuneo, Terence 50
cynical assertion 2, 255, 259
data-to-text generation 421–4
Davidson, Donald 96, 210–11, 372
Decay of Lying, The by Oscar Wilde 553
deceit 247, 259–60. See also deceive/deception
benign deceit 427–8, 430
bureaucratic deceit 535
playful deceit 327
deceive/deception 1–3, 6–9, 13–21, 32–3, 35–6, 38–9, 42–3, 51–94, 109–10, 118–19, 136, 142, 149–69, 181, 183–8, 191, 194–5, 198–9, 233, 235–8, 246–50, 253–4, 257–60, 274, 280–1, 287–8, 291, 294–5, 298, 303–4, 317, 326–39, 356, 370–2, 374, 392, 394, 399–403, 411, 439, 443–70, 479, 481–4, 486–90, 512, 517–25, 529–40, 541–8, 552, 555–7, 561–2, 564, 566–8, 572. See also deceit; intention to deceive
deception by the police 483, 489–90
deception paradigms 449–50, 457–8
prevention-motivated deception 154, 156, 168
strategies of deception 155–69
deceptionists/non-deceptionists 33, 41–2, 46, 50, 53, 198–9, 252, 258–63, 518
deceptive false praise 18
declarative mood 114, 117
declarative sentence 59–60, 111–14, 179, 197
default interpretation 62, 329, 340–53
defaultness hypothesis 344–53
defaultness rules 353
deflationary approaches 96–7, 212
degree-vagueness 358–60
development of lying 399–400
developmental psychology 399–407, 557
diary studies 409, 437, 439, 440, 444
discourse analysis 518
discourse marker 345
discourse types 69–70
dishonesty 474, 495, 503–5, 545, 557
academic dishonesty 260, 268, 506–9
disposition theory of humour 338
dissimulation 141, 184
distortion 69, 294, 316, 323, 520, 523–4, 536, 538
division 209–12
doctor-patient communication 523–5
doctrine of the infelicities 144
Dolchstoßlegende (stab-in-the-back legend) 548–9
drawings 416–17
Dummett, Michael 110–14, 117
duping delight 441, 451–2
dynamic paradox 209
dystopian novel 554
economics 150, 495–505
education 150, 290, 378, 391, 438, 445, 506–16, 552
effect condition 206
Ekman, Paul 5, 57, 64, 184–6, 219, 410, 441, 451–4, 527, 561
(p. 654) electroencephalography (EEG) 458–61
elitism about democracy 531–3
emotion 64, 69, 79, 277, 304–6, 378, 391, 410, 418, 440, 448, 451–4, 478, 488, 535, 539, 557, 559, 561
empirical evidence 80, 195, 222, 257–9, 263, 341–4, 347–50, 452, 514, 541
empty names 307
English 4, 60, 62, 64, 66–8, 196, 247, 351, 373, 378, 421, 424, 557, 565, 568, 571–2, 574, 576
Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EIT) 536
epistemic justification 122
epistemic modals 178–80
epistemic vigilance 214–228
equivocation 60, 156, 159, 164, 167–8, 476–7
euphemism 376, 394–5, 535
event-related potentials (ERP) 459
evolution 83–94, 217, 441, 444, 497, 505
exaggeration 538
ex-boyfriend case 195
excuse 289, 371, 375, 393, 408, 575–6
executive functioning (EF) 8, 400, 402, 404–6, 508
expected utility 432–3
exploitation of maxims 197, 257, 373
exploitation of vagueness 354, 365
fabrication 155, 158, 160–1, 163, 165–6, 168, 390, 409, 548–9, 552
benign fabrication 327
face 384, 388, 393–4
face-enhancement 392, 395
face-threat 392, 395
faked autobiography 556
false-belief task 118–19, 403–4, 447–8. See also Sally-Anne task
false response 155, 159, 161, 166, 168
falsification 69, 520, 523, 537, 555, 563, 571
Faulkner, Paul 41–2, 52–3
flouting of maxims 66, 139–40, 197, 355, 373, 377, 385
forced turn-taking 417–18. See also collective interviewing
fraud 486–81
Nigerian fraud emails 69
freedom 30, 293–4, 299
Frege, Gottlob 4, 35, 113, 307
French 64, 290
Fried, Charles 37–8, 184
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) 413, 451, 458–59, 462, 464, 467
game-theoretic model 430–3
garden-path joke 328–30. See also witticism
generality 356–7, 360, 363
goal 56–7, 61, 116, 149–60, 180, 193–4, 197–8, 272, 274, 280, 286–7, 327, 333, 335, 337, 339, 387–8, 395, 407, 425, 428, 439–41, 447–9, 508, 512–13, 515, 519–21, 524, 536, 542, 570
acquire goal 152, 156–9, 167–8
cease goal 152, 155, 165, 167
continue goal 152, 159–60, 162–3
prevent goal 152–5, 168
graded belief 171–80
graded salience hypothesis 341, 344, 353
ground truth 409
group intention 242
group lie 231–43
Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT) 6, 411, 454. See also concealed information test
Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift 555–6
Hebrew 326–39
hedge 381, 385
hiding information 361–4
historically important lies 543–8
history 1, 83, 197, 224, 541–52, 561, 563
Hitler, Adolf 529, 544–5, 548–9
Homo Sapiens 88–92
Hooker, Brad 479
How-many-cars? case 197
humorous frame 327–8, 331, 335
humour 326–39
put-on humour 330–3
hyperbole 45, 61, 106–7, 125, 158, 262, 370–81
idealism and the valuing of democracy 533–4
illocution/illocutionary act/illocutionary force 2, 6, 61–2, 178–80, 193, 200, 262–3, 315, 520
illusion of transparency 413
implicating/implicature
conversational implicature 3, 54, 69, 123, 130, 139–41, 143, 146–7, 155, 194–6, 200–2, 254–5, 257, 262, 373
deceptive implicature 196
false implicature/falsely implicating 53, 61, 109, 141–5, 155, 157, 160, 165, 168, 193–4, 196, 198–9, 368, 373–4
generalized implicature 196, 200
particularized implicature 139, 196
untruthful implicature 194–5, 197–8
imprecision 355–6
impression management 6–7, 410, 418, 427, 429, 439
incongruity-resolution model 338
indeterminacy 355–8, 361, 364, 366, 368, 561
indirectness 202, 394
individualism/collectivism 566
inference 77, 115, 121, 140, 191, 197, 200, 218, 256, 329, 335, 373, 423, 430, 433–4, 462–4, 509, 564
logic of forward and reverse inference 463
Information Manipulation Theory 66, 457, 571
information transmission 496–7, 504
informativeness 355
inhibitory control 81, 400, 405–7, 462
inquiry 272–3
insincerity condition 173–5, 177
insinuating/insinuation 1, 194, 559
intentionality condition 38, 205–7
intention to deceive 3, 17, 37–8, 40–2, 46, 116, 136, 180–1, 199, 203, 233, 235, 244–6, 251–4, 256, 258–63, 265, 288, 291, 299, 340, 391, 429, 447, 512, 518, 521–2, 562, 568. See also deceive/deception
interviewing. See collective interviewing
intralinguistic studies 67–8
Invention of Lying, The, movie 561
irony 17–19, 34, 45, 48, 57, 60, 65, 68, 125, 138–41, 197, 201, 247, 262, 291, 295, 326–7, 340–53, 370, 384
affirmative irony 341–4
negative irony 344–53
Jakob der Lügner by Jurek Becker 560
Japanese 565–78
joint acceptance 241–2
justifiability of deception 530–4
justification 1, 116, 237, 282, 292, 294–9, 385, 509–14, 534, 548, 569
Kant, Immanuel 8, 13–14, 36, 51, 150, 183, 186, 191, 195, 204, 262, 288, 291–2, 299, 471–5, 480–1, 497, 533
(p. 656) knowledge-action norm 233
knowledge-assertion norm 234. See also knowledge norm of assertion (KNA)
knowledge condition 205–7, 210
knowledge lie 2, 125, 129, 180–2, 231–43, 245, 254–7, 259
Lackey, Jennifer 104, 107, 116, 215–16, 218–19, 220, 223, 225, 235, 239–43, 254, 259–60, 271
law of contradiction 208
learning 111–12, 223–5, 228, 506–7, 513–16
learning environment 224, 228
machine learning 468
leaving someone in the dark 190
lexical studies 58–9
Liar by Justine Larbalestier 558
lie/lying. See also bald-faced lie; definition of lie/lying; group lie; knowledge lie; lie detection
acquisition of lying 7–8, 399–407, 557–8, 564
altruistic lie 290, 296, 298, 449, 573
aversion to lying 499
benevolent lie 15, 288, 290, 294, 296–9
blatant lie 331, 337, 354, 439, 444
blue lie 68, 391–2
categorization of lies 390
coercion-lie 244–5, 254, 259
collaborative lie 288, 290, 296, 298–9
educational lie 297
embedded lie 409
evaluation of lying 8–9, 291, 400, 510, 557
execution of the lie 78–80
good lie 24–5
green lie 339
hard lie vs. soft lie 178, 180
indirect lying 1, 193–4, 202
lie construction 74–8
low-stake lie vs. high-stake lie 446
lying as pretexts for war 538, 543–8
lying by lawyers and clients 490–1
lying by the police 483, 489–90
lying character 557–60
lying in politics 491–3, 529–30
lying in the media 491–3
lying situations 560–1
lying to oneself 205–7
noble lie 23, 297, 530–2, 541, 560
organized lying 535
paternalistic lie 2, 25–6, 502
pure lie 20–1
red lie 392
regular lie 20–2, 24
self-defending lie 296
shameful lie 27–8
yellow lie 393
lie detection 5, 56, 58, 63–5, 78, 80, 91, 408–19, 452–5, 539. See also lie detector
lie detector 219, 409, 411, 453. See also polygraph
Lincoln, Abraham 551–2
linguistic cue 6, 58, 63–5
Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) 412
linguistics 2, 4, 56–70, 372–4, 420–35
literary genre 554–6
locution/locutionary act 61, 262, 396
lover of truth 26–7, 29
Machiavelli, Niccolo/machiavellism 439, 529, 531
magnanimous person 29–31
magnetoencephalography (MET) 458
Magritte, René 562
Makkan Arabic 66, 68, 568
Malagasy 68, 569–70
malapropism 45, 384
market-entry game 279, 284
maxim. See also exploitation of maxims; flouting of maxims; violation of maxims
maxim of Manner 196, 256, 368, 570
of Quantity 143, 188, 191, 196–7, 355, 362, 570
of Relation 146–7, 163, 196, 256
of Truthfulness 135, 137, 139, 292, 373
(p. 657) Mearsheimer, John 297–8, 529, 531–2, 534, 536, 538, 542–6
media language 69
meiosis 61, 262
mendacity 332, 336, 411, 531–2
mental reservation 367, 476. See also amphiboly
meta-ethical analysis 510–11
microexpression 5, 451
Mill, John Stuart 13, 293, 297, 470, 477, 480
mimicking/mimicry 84–7, 416. See also pretending
misinformation 538
misunderstanding 194, 199, 434, 571
modal statement 416
monitoring 6, 76–7, 443, 449, 456, 460. See also response monitoring
Moore, George Edward 480
Mopan Maya 66, 68, 571
moral education 391, 509–10
moral judgment 509–11
morality 13–16, 19–26, 31, 36, 50, 197, 200, 282–4, 469–82, 495, 572
ordinary morality 14–16, 19, 26, 31
multi-party interaction 331, 336–7
murderer-at-the-door case 8, 36–7, 193, 292, 298, 473
myth 21–4, 530–2, 537, 542, 548
bad myth 21–4
good myth 21–4
Myth of Autochthony 23–4
Myth of the Metals 23–4
Natural Language Generation (NLG) 420–35
near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) 458
Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) 410–11
neuroimaging results 461–6
neuroscience 88, 456–68
New Zealand 572–7
non-deceptionists. See deceptionists/non-deceptionists
nonsense 266–7
nonverbal behavior 410–12, 418
nonverbal deception 418
normality 190, 522
norm of conversation 47, 139, 143, 246, 249, 257, 270
novelty 339, 347–8
obfuscation 1
online dating 445
On the Decay of the Art of Lying by Mark Twain 553
open-texture 356, 359–60
orchid 84–7
organized persuasive communication (OPC) 530, 534–9
Othello by William Shakespeare 410, 454, 558–9
Othello error 410, 454
overlap analysis 465–6
overstatement 155, 158, 163–4, 166–8, 178–80, 370
paltering/palter 51, 194
partial or incorrect information 425–30
partial truth 390, 549–52
partitioning strategy 209
paternalistic lie 2, 25–6, 502
patterns of conversation 576–7
perjury 484–6
literal truth defense 201
Persian 387
personality 413, 418, 438–40
perspective-taking 76–8, 118–19, 447, 510. See also Theory of Mind (ToM)
photography 562–3
picture 561–3
Pippi Långstrump by Astrid Lindgren 558
plagiarism 69. See also dishonesty: academic dishonesty
playings 327
police 391, 408–9, 413, 415, 417, 439, 441, 451, 483, 489–90, 496, 563
police interrogations 285, 287
police investigation 441–2
Polish 524, 527–8
politeness 9, 58, 60, 62, 67–8, 149, 158, 289, 295–6, 298–9, 309, 331, 365, 375, 382–98, 445, 577
political communication 529–30, 540
political marketing 534–9
political power 530, 534–9
political realism 531
politics 9, 39, 69, 181, 297, 319, 378, 491–2, 522, 529–40
polygraph 5, 277, 410–11, 453–4, 561
positron emission tomography (PET) 458–9
practical wisdom 510
pragmatics 60–3, 307–9, 310–14, 570–1
cross-cultural pragmatics 65–7
experimental pragmatics 70 (see also empirical evidence)
intercultural pragmatics 65–7
variational pragmatics 67–8
pragmatist theories 95
predicates of personal taste 359
presupposing/presupposition 49, 123, 193–202, 308–9, 330, 520
pretending 1, 49, 69, 84, 86, 156, 159, 164, 167–8, 177, 197, 255, 327, 335, 470, 519. See also mimicking/mimicry
pretending to lie 156, 159, 164, 167–8
pretense theories 313
prevention-motivated deception. See deception
prevention motivation 150–1
probability 175–6, 362, 432, 463–4, 495
processes versus outcomes 414–15
processing 6–7, 74, 76, 79–81, 200, 279, 344, 353, 405, 407, 451, 460, 462, 468
promotional culture 535, 537
promotion motivation 150
propaganda 2, 69, 268, 529–30, 534–40, 564
propaganda model 536
prosocial lie 128, 260, 288–302, 375, 404, 560
Prospect Theory 150
prototype semantics 567–9
psycholinguistics 7, 71–82
Quintilian 372
quotation 315–25, 522–3
selective quotation 318
rape by deception 483, 487–9
rate of lying 437–8
realism about democracy 531–2
realist theories. See also anti-realist theories
Reality Monitoring 5, 412
recontextualizing 323
redundancy theories 96–7
referential multiplicity 360
refusal 47, 375, 388, 565, 574–7
Regulatory Focus Theory 150
Reid, Thomas 216–18, 224
relationships 62, 89, 130, 279, 284, 388, 406, 436–7, 440, 444–6, 448–9, 512, 525–6, 530, 560
close relationships 448–9
Relevance Theory 372–3
religion 56, 66, 69, 249, 561
response inhibition 7, 449–50, 456
response monitoring 449, 457, 460
rhetoric 321, 372, 529–30
rhetorical figure 197, 262, 559
rhetorical relation 423
Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe 555–6
Rodney King case 563
Roosevelt, Franklin 532, 543–5
Ross, William David 52, 262, 478–81
rule consequentialism 479
salience 77, 340–53, 461
Sally-Anne task 7. See also false-belief task
(p. 659) Schopenhauer, Arthur 290, 293–4, 296–7
Searle, John R. 2–3, 50, 61, 144, 172, 193, 200, 253, 291–2, 313, 520
second-language (L2) learner 65
selective excerpt 317–23
self-deception 86, 90–1, 203–13, 255, 260, 393, 444, 505, 537–8
self-deprecator 29
selfless assertion 2, 244–51, 259–61
self-regulation 8, 400, 405, 514
semantics 3–4, 58–63, 79, 306–7, 567, 569–70
cognitive semantics 306, 567, 569–70
truth-conditional semantics 59, 305–7
sex differences 440, 444
sham 555
Shiffrin, Seana 42, 51, 53
Sidgwick, Henry 293, 297–8, 477, 480, 543
simple summativism 240
Simpson, David 20, 24, 33, 38–42, 44, 52–3
simulation 184, 284, 563
sincerity 2–3, 18, 38–9, 134–48, 171–2, 174, 176, 179, 212, 332, 382, 385, 440, 445. See also insincerity
sincerity condition 2, 3, 122, 144, 173–4, 180. See also insincerity condition
skepticism about democracy 531–3
social interaction 388, 430, 436–40, 444, 448, 457, 501, 503
social psychology 5, 150, 436–45, 521, 526
social situation 298–9, 447–9
Socrates 14–19, 24, 29, 530
Sorensen, Roy 2, 3, 46–8, 48, 53, 106, 116, 121, 125, 144, 175, 180, 231–8, 245–6, 254–7, 259, 261–3
Spanish 62, 65, 67–8, 378
Colombian Spanish 58
Ecuadorian Spanish 66, 196, 568
Spartacus case 231–2, 235–7, 245, 256–7, 263
speaker meaning 2–3, 194–5, 202
speech act 2–4, 59–62, 110, 112, 114, 118, 121–3, 125, 132, 139, 149–52, 163, 179, 200, 261–2, 288, 292, 295, 298–9, 303, 305, 309
first-order and second-order speech act 295
indirect speech act 193
speech act theory 2, 6, 61–2, 96, 144–5, 253, 291–2
speech production process 72, 74, 80
spin 319, 534–5
Statement Validity Analysis 412
static paradox 207–9. See also dynamic paradox
Stokke, Andreas 2–3, 48–9, 103–4, 109, 121, 173, 196–7, 199, 252, 309–11
strategic communication 5, 535
Strategic Use of Evidence (SUE) 415
subjectivity 359
success condition 206
suggestion 152–3
superiority theory of humour 338
supervaluation 360, 362, 365–7
supportive interviewer 416
suppression of relevant information 73–5
surprise 329, 331, 334, 338, 339
syntax 58, 64, 76, 79, 118, 305, 307, 518
taarof (Persian) 387–8
taking words out of context 69, 520–1
task switching 450, 462, 464–5
teasing 57, 327, 330–3, 335
temptation resistance paradigm 401, 404–5
testimony 44, 53, 104–5, 130, 214–30, 236, 254, 316, 325, 484–6, 549
Theory of Mind (ToM) 7, 8, 77, 83–4, 86, 89, 400, 402, 403–4, 443, 447, 464–5, 508, 557
total signification of an utterance (TSU) 195, 202
Tour, Georges de la 562
transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) 458
transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) 450, 458
(p. 660) travelogue/travel tale 554–5
trickster tale 554
trust 6, 28, 33, 38–46, 51–2, 53–4, 130, 141, 191, 202, 215–18, 221–8, 253, 256, 281–2, 288, 292, 293–5, 299, 388–9, 445, 472, 474, 477, 482, 502, 511–12, 532, 534, 542, 552
betrayal of trust 38–9, 41–2, 44, 52, 54, 191, 542
loss of social trust 293
trustworthiness 216, 221–3, 293
truthfulness 13, 15, 26, 33, 40, 40–2, 51–2, 60, 64–5, 67, 135, 137, 139, 198–9, 201, 212, 253, 288–98, 331–2, 340, 355–6, 364, 373–4, 384–6, 390, 420, 472, 504, 512, 515, 521, 557, 564, 569, 571. See also untruthfulness
lessened demands of truthfulness 199–200
maxim of truthfulness 292, 373
truthmaker theories 95–6
TV series
House, M.D. 326–39
Lie to me 521
Mad Men 559–60
Twain, Mark 120, 184, 553, 558
types of deviation from the truth 424–9
Tzeltal 68, 385, 387, 569–70
Ulbricht, Walter 232
uncertainty 170–82, 200–1, 278, 362, 364, 566, 573, 575. See also certainty
unclarity 266
understatement 158, 178–80, 262, 370, 409
unexpected questions 414
untruthfulness, 106, 204, 206, 262, 288, 293, 295, 299, 327, 332, 335–6, 385–6, 395, 555. See also truthfulness
covert vs. overt untruthfulness 262, 327
deceptive autotelic overt untruthfulness 335–6
untruthfulness condition 206
utilitarianism 469, 477–81. See also act-utilitarianism
vagueness 354–69, 429, 534
varieties of linguistic vagueness 356
verifiable details 415
violation of maxims 3, 60–1, 67, 69, 109, 135–46, 163, 196, 257, 263, 270, 304, 373, 571
violation of moral norms 50–1
virtue theory 210, 212–13
warranting context 3, 43–5, 384–5
warranting the truth 43–4, 179, 200, 253, 255, 269, 481
what is implicated 3–4, 141, 202. See also what is said
Williams, Bernard 40–1, 141–2, 212, 473, 512
withholding information 51, 184, 188, 192, 248, 394, 434, 538
witness case 44–5, 47–8, 60, 245, 254, 261–3, 304
Wittgenstein, Ludwig 360, 561
witticism 328–30. See also garden-path joke
working memory 280, 400, 405–6, 443, 449–50, 457, 462–5
world knowledge 221, 225, 311–13, 377
Xenophon 14–15