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date: 27 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter provides an overview of the literature on the cognitive neuroscience of deception and deception-detection. First, the two main classes of deception paradigms are briefly introduced and some of their key features are discussed. Next, key results of electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies are summarized and the main findings reviewed, in terms of both theoretical implications and potential applications. The key theoretical question about whether the patterns of neural activation found in these neuroimaging studies reflect deception-specific processes or, conversely, general-purpose processes, is discussed in detail within the context of reverse inferences in cognitive neuroscience.

Keywords: deception, lying, concealed information, neuroscience, cognition, cognitive control, machine learning

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