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date: 18 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The notions of ‘indirect lying’, ‘falsely implicating’, or ‘misleading’ refer to the phenomenon of lying by deliberately suggesting what is false in order to deceive the addressee. Thus, what the speaker asserts may be sincere and true, while what she implicates may be deceptive and false. This chapter reviews theoretical approaches that deal with untruthful implicature and untruthful presupposition, ‘untruthfulness’ meaning a subjective attitude towards truth. In these cases, an additional proposition is introduced into the discourse with the intention to deceive the addressee. Arguably, cases of so-called misleading can be reduced to untruthful implicatures. If so, untruthful additional propositions such as the untruthful implicature and presupposition can be seen as a part of the overall act of lying, i.e., the total signification of an utterance. Moreover, experimental results providing further evidence are sketched.

Keywords: deception, definition of lying, implicature, indirectness, misleading, presupposition, total signification of an utterance, untruthfulness

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