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date: 27 January 2022

Abstract and Keywords

Based on a thorough review of recent literature on lying and deception, the introduction gives accessible answers to five basic research questions. For the first question—how can lying be defined?—it considers definitions of lying given in the philosophy of language and in linguistics. For the second question—how can lying be detected?—it addresses psychological research on detection of lying. Psychology and neuroscience are the most important disciplines with respect to the third question, concerning the processing of lying. The fourth question—how is lying acquired?—is dealt with in psycholinguistics. Finally, the ethical question of lying—how is lying evaluated?—is discussed. Since answers to these questions are typically given by linguistics, philosophy, and psychology, the chapter suggests that an integrative approach to lying will be drawing heavily on these disciplines.

Keywords: acquisition of lying, definition of lying, ethics, lie detection, linguistics, neuroscience, philosophy of language, processing, psychology, psycholinguistics

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