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date: 25 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

By adopting a virtue-based approach to neuro-enhancement, I argue that facilitating neuro-enhancement within the therapeutic relationship may pervert the practice of psychiatry in so far as it risks corrupting virtues important to the healing project. I further argue that the neuro-enhancement question emerges more often when exclusively principle-based approaches, supported by market-oriented and technological trends in medicine, frame the debate. Finally, I draw on case studies to clarify some varieties of neuro-enhancement in the context of psychiatric practice as well as to specify the three most important virtues undermined by neuro-enhancement—trustworthiness, respect for the healing project, and engagement.

Keywords: virtue-based approach, principle-based approach, neuro-enhancement, trustworthiness, technological trends, engagement

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