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date: 19 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Although the category ‘salvation’ developed in the context of Christian theology, it has come to be used as a fundamental category defining religion in general. Many religions have a doctrine of salvation or soteriology that claims that the human condition of death and suffering can be overcome. Doctrines of salvation in religions present accounts of how humans can flourish, which means how they can achieve or be restored to a state of completion or wholeness, although there is great variation as to how this is understood and achieved. As a category of comparison, salvation has strengths and weaknesses. It draws attention to broad similarities, for example in relations to sacrifice and in conceptions of a healing of the human condition, but it retains an irreducibly specific character due to its place in Abrahamic traditions.

Keywords: Christianity, economy of salvation, grace, Hinduism, justification, liberation, sin, soteriology

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