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date: 19 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Theories of religious space can be divided between those that focus on poetic meaning, political power, or material production. Religious space can be based on structural oppositions, such as the indigenous opposition between home and wild space and the colonial opposition between land and sea. The production of religious space commonly establishes barriers, but instances of shared religious space can be found in Africa, India, and elsewhere. Competition over the ownership of a place is a recurring feature of the dynamics of religious space, as illustrated by the conflict between Hindus and Muslims over the site in Ayodhya in India. With the rise of modern nations, religious space is increasingly managed by state apparatuses, and at the same time dispersed through transnational social networks in diaspora. Religious space is also powerful as an arena for asserting claims to access, control, and ultimately ownership of the sacred.

Keywords: frontier, liminality, materiality, ownership of space, poetics of space, politics of space, religion, shared religious sites, space

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