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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Romans never wrote down their constitution, which made it more dynamic and flexible. The Republican institutions were the result of a long process of experimentation that lasted for centuries, but they were not immutable. Since the moment it was completed, the Roman Republican constitution was remarkably stable, a feature that helped Rome to become the great Mediterranean power. But the Romans continued introducing changes to their political institutions, in order to adapt them to the changing circumstances of Rome’s internal and foreign politics, illustrating the political pragmatism that characterised the Roman republican system. This chapter provides a survey of these developments.

Keywords: Roman constitution, mos maiorum, magistracies, senate, popular assemblies, potestas, imperium, aristocracy, democracy

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