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date: 21 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter addresses two “crimes” against the individual: violation of his public face (iniuria), and violation of his household (stuprum and adulterium). More than mere prohibited offences, these two types of harm came, during the crises of sovereignty of the late Republic and early Principate, to be potent loci for thinking about the ideal citizen, his political relationships, and the nature of the Roman state. Though these categories were linked together through doctrinal law, their impact is evident in a variety of texts from this period, and so demonstrate the ways in which “law” and “society” were deeply linked at the levels of the fundamental cognitive structures that enabled the Romans to make sense of their lived and historical experience.

Keywords: violence, iniuria, adultery, stuprum, degradation, crime, personhood, existimatio

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