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date: 15 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

During most of the Roman Republican era—traditionally dated from 509 to 27 BC—the magistrates of the people and the plebs demonstrably played an essential role in both the production and the application of Roman law, especially in terms of statute laws and edicts. Although the senate had a tremendous voice, no legislation would have been possible without the proactive involvement of a series of key magistrates of people and plebs. When it comes to the application of the law under the Roman Republic, there was much scope for the so-called minor magistracies, whose involvement in the routine application of the law was probably disproportionate to their attestation in the sources. Importantly, this survey of magistrates who made and applied the law in the Roman Republic never loses sight of the overall socio-institutional background and key historical developments and changes.

Keywords: magistrates of people and plebs, senate, comitia, concilium plebis, lex, edict, iudicium, quaestio

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